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Sweet corn season is here, and also there"s nothing choose eating freshly harvested ear – keolistravelservices.comess you discover a worm once peeling ago the husks! That undesirable intruder is typically the corn earworm.

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IdentificationThese caterpillars vary widely in color and also may be green, brown, pink, black color or assorted shades in between these colors, through light and dark stripes follow me its sides and back. The head is always a yellow or irradiate brown color, without any kind of spots. Eventually they get an impression to about to 1.5 come 2 customs long.

The adult corn earworm is a grayish-brown, night-flying moth through a wingspan of about 1.5 inches. Woman moths like to lay your eggs on new corn silks, but will likewise choose buds and growing advice of young corn if silks aren"t available. The tiny, irradiate yellow eggs space laid singly. By the time the egg hatch in a few days, they have actually turned come a dark brown.

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The tiny caterpillars crawl under the silks come the reminder of the ear to feeding on the maturing corn kernels. Because they space cannibalistic - definition they will certainly eat every other and the strongest or biggest caterpillar wins – you typically will only uncover one in every ear of corn.

Corn earworm, additionally know as the tomato fruitworm and also cotton bollworm, has actually a wide selection of plants it feeds on besides corn. Other vegetables it will certainly consume include tomatoes, peppers, beans, cabbage, and also soybeans. They like corn, yet late in the season as soon as corn kernels room maturing and not together attractive, they will damages tomatoes and snap bean by eating into the fruits or pods.

Control in the residence Garden There are several choices for controlling corn earworm in the home garden, however if you’d rather not use insecticides friend can constantly just cut off the damaged components of infested ears, together the section not fed on by the caterpillar is still perfectly good.

Plant early. Sweet corn harvested prior to mid-August will have actually fewer, or no, earworms. Examine the number of days native seed come harvest on the particle package and look for those that deserve to be harvest in less than 70 days. Tree as early on as soil temperatures are appropriate for particle germination, commonly 55°F for typical sweet corn and 65°F because that supersweet cultivars.

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Experiment v cultivars. Try using a selection of sweet corn cultivars and also planting dates to discover which mix gives the most control. Corn varieties with chop husks in ~ the ear tips room naturally much more resistant to earworms.

Natural enemies. There are a number of natural adversaries that attack corn earworm eggs. A variety of tiny wasps parasitize the eggs, while minute pirate bugs eats the eggs. There are also wasps that assault corn earworm larvae and also pupae, however, these valuable insects space not many enough to provide acceptable control.

Use oil. If you only have a few corn plants, try using vegetables or corn oil for control. Even better, mix the oil with Bacillus thuringiensis var. Kurstaki (BTk), sold as Dipel or Thuricide, or Neem. Mix 1 part Btk or Neem with 20 parts oil. Apply 5 drops of the mixture through an eyedropper come the reminder of every ear. Together the young worms travel from your hatching point out on the silk right into the ear, they will suffocate as they relocate through the oil.

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Insecticide applications. Chemical insecticides can additionally be supplied to defend the ears, however once the caterpillar has gotten in the ear, there is no reliable control. To it is in effective, you need to completely cover the finish of the ear and silks so as soon as the eggs hatch, the young caterpillars will instantly contact a lethal dose of insecticide. Treatments need to be reapplied every 3 to 4 work from as soon as silks first appear till they come to be brown. Residence gardeners have the right to use carbaryl, permethrin, bifenthrin, cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin or Spinosad because that earworm control.

Images

Upper left - Young corn earworm larvae in the beforehand stages the development. Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Bugwood.orgLower ideal - Mixture the corn earworm larvae showing selection of size and coloration. Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org

(This source was included July 2007 and also appeared in the Lincoln journal Star Newspaper Sunday edition. For info on reproducing this article or using any type of photographs or graphics, review the terms of Use statement)

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