Growing increase in the Kennedy Family

Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, who was a an extremely disciplined and also organized woman, made the adhering to entry on a notecard, as soon as her 2nd child was born:

John Fitzgerald Kennedy Born Brookline, Mass. (83 Beals Street) may 29, 1917 


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In all, increased Fitzgerald Kennedy would have nine children, four boys and five girls. She maintained notecards because that each of lock in a tiny wooden file box and made a allude of creating down every little thing from a doctor’s visit come the shoe dimension they had at a certain age. John Fitzgerald Kennedy was called in honor of Rose’s father, man Francis Fitzgerald, the Boston market popularly known as honey Fitz. Before long, family and also friends called this small blue-eyed baby, Jack. Jack was no a an extremely healthy baby, and also Rose recorded on his notecard the childhood diseases from which he suffered, together as: "whooping cough, measles, chicken pox."

On February 20, 1920 as soon as Jack was no yet three years old, he came to be sick with scarlet fever, a extremely contagious and then perhaps life-threatening disease. His father, Joseph Patrick Kennedy, was terrified that little Jack would die. Mr. Kennedy went to the hospital every job to be by his boy side, and around a month later Jack take it a turn for the better and recovered. However Jack to be never an extremely healthy, and also because he was constantly suffering from one ailment or one more his family used come joke around the an excellent risk a mosquito took in biting that – with few of his blood the mosquito was virtually sure to die! 

When Jack was three, the Kennedys relocated to a new home a few blocks away from your old residence in Brookline, a neighborhood just outside of Boston. It to be a lovely home with twelve rooms, turreted windows, and a big porch. Complete of energy and ambition, Jack’s dad worked really hard at becoming a effective businessman. When he to be a college student at Harvard College and also having a an overwhelming time fitting in together an ireland Catholic, he swore to himself he would make a million dollars by the period of 35. There was a lot of prejudice against Irish Catholics in Boston at that time, however Joseph Kennedy was established to succeed. Jack’s great-grandparents had actually come from Ireland and managed to administer for their families, despite countless hardships. Jack’s grandfathers go even much better for themselves, both becoming prominent Boston politicians. Jack, due to the fact that of every his family had done, could enjoy a an extremely comfortable life. The Kennedys had every little thing they needed and more. By the time Jack was eight there were seven kids altogether. Jack had actually an older brother, Joe; 4 sisters, Rosemary, Kathleen, Eunice, and also Patricia; and a younger brother, Robert. Jean and Teddy hadn’t to be born yet. Nannies and housekeepers aided Rose operation the household. 


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At the finish of the institution year, the Kennedy youngsters would walk to their summer residence in Hyannis port on Cape Cod wherein they delighted in swimming, sailing, and also playing touch football. The Kennedy children played hard, and they enjoyed completing with one another. Joseph Sr. Encouraged this competition, especially amongst the boys.

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He was a father with very high expectations and also wanted the boys to success at sports and also everything they tried. Together he regularly said, "When the going gets tough, the challenging get going." but sometimes this competitions went too far. One time as soon as Joe suggested that he and also Jack gyeongju on their bicycles, lock collided head-on. Joe arised unscathed while Jack had to have actually twenty-eight stitches. Because Joe was 2 years older and also stronger than Jack, whenever castle fought, Jack would usually get the worst the it. Jack to be the only sibling that posed any real hazard to Joe’s leading position as the earliest child.

Jack was really popular and had countless friends at Choate, a boarding school for adolescent boys in Connecticut. He play tennis, basketball, football, and also golf and also enjoyed reading. His girlfriend Lem Billings remembers just how unusual it was the Jack had actually a day-to-day subscription come the New York Times. Jack had actually a "clever, individualist mind," his Head grasp once noted, despite he was no the ideal student. The did not always work as hard as he could, other than in history and English, which were his favorite subjects.

"Now Jack," his father composed in a letter one day, "I don’t desire to provide the impression that i am a nagger, for goodness knows ns think that is the worse thing any kind of parent have the right to be, and I additionally feel the you understand if ns didn’t really feel you had the products I would certainly be most charitable in my mindset toward her failings. After lengthy experience in sizing up civilization I definitely know you have actually the goods and you have the right to go a lengthy way…It is very difficult to make up fundamentals that you have actually neglected once you were an extremely young, and that is why ns am urging friend to execute the finest you can. Ns am not expecting as well much, and also I will certainly not be disappointed if girlfriend don’t rotate out to it is in a real genius, yet I think you have the right to be a really worthwhile citizens with good judgment and also understanding." 

Jack graduated from Choate and entered Harvard in 1936, wherein Joe was already a student. Choose his brother Joe, Jack play football. The was not as good an athlete together Joe but he had actually a the majority of determination and also perseverance. Unfortunately, someday while playing he ruptured a disc in his spine. Jack never ever really recovered native this accident and also his earlier continued to stroked nerves him for the remainder of his life. The 2 eldest guys were attractive, agreeable, and also intelligent young men and Mr. Kennedy had high hopes for castle both. However, it to be Joe who had actually announced come everyone once he was a young young that he would certainly be the very first Catholic to end up being President. No one questioned him for a moment. Jack, on the other hand, seemed somewhat less ambitious. That was active in college student groups and sports and also he worked hard in his background and federal government classes, despite his grades remained only average.

Late in 1937, Mr. Kennedy to be appointed United says Ambassador to England and moved there v his totality family, with the exemption of Joe and Jack that were at Harvard. Because of his father’s job, Jack became an extremely interested in european politics and world affairs. After a summer visit to England and also other countries in Europe, Jack returned to Harvard more eager to discover about history and government and to save up with current events. Joe and Jack commonly received letters from their father in England, who informed them that the latest news regarding the conflicts and tensions that everyone feared would shortly blow up into a full-scale war. Adolph Hitler ruled Germany and also Benito Mussolini rule Italy. Castle both had strong armies and also wanted to take it land from other countries. ~ above September 1, 1939, Germany got into Poland and World war II began. 

By this time, Jack to be a senior at Harvard and decided to create his thesis top top why great Britain to be unprepared because that war through Germany. That was later on published together a book called Why England Slept. In June 1940, Jack graduated from Harvard. His father sent out him a cablegram native London: "TWO things I constantly KNEW around YOU ONE the YOU are SMART 2 THAT YOU room A SWELL man LOVE DAD."

World battle II and a Future in Politics

Soon after ~ graduating, both Joe and also Jack join the Navy. Joe was a flyer and sent come Europe, when Jack was made lieutenant (Lt.) and assigned come the southern Pacific as commander of a patrol torpedo boat, the PT-109. 


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Lt. Kennedy had actually a crew the twelve men whose mission to be to protect against Japanese ships indigenous delivering supplies to your soldiers. Top top the night of august 2, 1943, Lt. Kennedy’s crew patrolled the waters feather for adversary ships to sink. A Japanese destroyer suddenly ended up being visible. Yet it to be traveling at full speed and also headed directly at them. Stop the wheel, Lt. Kennedy tried to swerve out of the way, yet to no avail. The much bigger Japanese warship rammed the PT-109, separating it in half and killing two of Lt. Kennedy’s men. The others regulated to run off together their boat went up in flames. Lt. Kennedy was slammed hard versus the cockpit, when again injuring his weak back. Patrick McMahon, one of his crew members, had horrible burns on his face and also hands and also was prepared to provide up. In the darkness, Lt. Kennedy managed to find McMahon and haul him earlier to where the various other survivors were clinging come a item of the watercraft that to be still afloat. At sunrise, Lt. Kennedy led his guys toward a tiny island numerous miles away. In spite of his very own injuries, Lt. Kennedy had the ability to tow Patrick McMahon ashore, a strap indigenous McMahon’s life coat clenched between his teeth. 6 days later two native islanders discovered them and went for help, transferring a article Jack had sculpted into a piece of coconut shell. The following day, the PT-109 crew was rescued. Jack’s brother Joe was not so lucky. He passed away a year later when his airplane blew up throughout a attention mission in Europe. 

When he reverted home, Jack to be awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his leadership and also courage. With the war lastly coming to an end, it was time to pick the kind of job-related he want to do. Jack had considered coming to be a teacher or a writer, yet with Joe’s tragic fatality suddenly everything changed. After serious discussions through Jack around his future, Joseph Kennedy convinced him the he must run for Congress in Massachusetts" eleventh congressional district, whereby he winner in 1946. This was the beginning of Jack’s politics career. Together the year went on, john F. Kennedy, a Democrat, offered three state (six years) in the home of Representatives, and in 1952 the was chosen to the us Senate. 

Soon ~ being elected senator, man F. Kennedy, in ~ 36 year of age, married 24 year-old Jacqueline Bouvier, a writer with the Washington Times-Herald. Unfortunately, early on in your marriage, senator Kennedy’s ago started come hurt again and he had actually two significant operations. When recovering indigenous surgery, he composed a book about several united state Senators who had risked their careers to fight for the things in which they believed. The book, called Profiles in Courage, to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize because that biography in 1957. That same year, the Kennedys’ an initial child, Caroline, to be born. 

John F. Kennedy was becoming a well-known politician. In 1956 the was practically picked to run for vice president. Kennedy nonetheless chose that he would run for president in the following election.

He began working really long hours and also traveling all about the United states on weekends. Top top July 13, 1960 the autonomous party nominated him together its candidate for president. Kennedy asked lindon B. Johnson, a senator from Texas, come run through him as vice president. In the general election top top November 8, 1960, Kennedy beat the Republican Vice chairman Richard M. Nixon in a very close race. In ~ the age of 43, Kennedy was the youngest man elected president and the an initial Catholic. Prior to his inauguration, his second child, john Jr., to be born. His father favored to speak to him John-John.

John F. Kennedy i do not care The 35th chairman of the joined States

John F. Kennedy to be sworn in together the 35th president on January 20, 1961. In his inaugural speech he spoke of the require for all Americans to be active citizens. "Ask no what your nation can perform for you, questioning what you have the right to do for her country," that said. He also asked the countries of the civilization to sign up with together to fight what he called the "common adversaries of man: tyranny, poverty, disease, and also war itself." president Kennedy, in addition to his wife and also two children, lugged a new, youthful spirit to the White House. The Kennedys believed that the White home should it is in a location to memory American history, culture, and achievement. They invited artists, writers, scientists, poets, musicians, actors, and athletes to visit them. Jacqueline Kennedy also shared her husband"s attention in American history. Gathering some of the ideal art and furniture the united States had produced, she restored all the rooms in the White home to do it a location that important reflected America’s background and imaginative creativity. Anyone was impressed and appreciated her difficult work. The White House additionally seemed favor a funny place due to the fact that of the Kennedys’ 2 young children, Caroline and also John-John. There was a pre-school, a swimming pool, and also a tree-house exterior on the White home lawn. Chairman Kennedy was most likely the busiest man in the country, yet he still uncovered time to laugh and play v his children. However, the president additionally had many worries. Among the things he worried about most to be the opportunity of atom war in between the unified States and the Soviet Union. The knew the if there to be a war, millions of people would die. Since World war II, there had been a lot of anger and suspicion between the two countries but never any kind of shooting between Soviet and also American troops. This "Cold War", which to be unlike any kind of other war the civilization had seen, was really a struggle in between the Soviet Union"s communist mechanism of government and also the joined States" autonomous system. Due to the fact that they distrusted every other, both nations spent enormous quantities of money structure nuclear weapons. There were numerous times as soon as the struggle between the Soviet Union and the joined States might have finished in atom war, such together in Cuba during the 1962 missile situation or over the separated city the Berlin. President Kennedy operated long hours, getting up at seven and also not going to bed until eleven or twelve at night, or later. He check out six newspapers while the ate breakfast, had actually meetings with important human being throughout the day, and read reports from his advisers. He wanted to make sure that the made the ideal decisions for his country. "I am asking each that you to be new pioneers in that new Frontier," that said. The brand-new Frontier was no a place but a means of thinking and also acting. President Kennedy wanted the United says to relocate forward into the future with brand-new discoveries in science and also improvements in education, employment and other fields. He wanted democracy and also freedom for the totality world. One that the first things chairman Kennedy did was to develop the tranquility Corps. With this program, i m sorry still exist today, Americans deserve to volunteer come work anywhere in the people where help is needed. They can aid in areas such as education, farming, health care, and also construction. Plenty of young men and women have actually served as tranquility Corps volunteers and have winner the respect of human being throughout the world. 

President Kennedy was additionally eager for the United states to lead the means in experimenting space. The Soviet Union was ahead of the United says in its space program and President Kennedy was figured out to catch up. That said, "No country which expects to it is in the leader of various other nations can expect to continue to be behind in this race for space." Kennedy to be the first president to ask congress to approve an ext than 22 exchange rate dollars for job Apollo, which had the score of landing one American man on the moon before the end of the decade. President Kennedy had actually to attend to many serious problems here in the united States. The biggest difficulty of every was gyeongju discrimination. The united state Supreme Court had actually ruled in 1954 that segregation in public colleges would no longer be permitted. Black and white children, the decision mandated, need to go to school together. This was currently the legislation of the land. However, over there were plenty of schools, specifically in southerly states, that did no obey this law. There was also racial segregation on buses, in restaurants, movie theaters, and other publicly places.

Thousands of Americans join together, people of all races and backgrounds, to protest peacefully this injustice.

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Martin Luther King Jr. Was one of the famous leaders that the motion for polite rights. Many civil legal rights leaders no think president Kennedy was supportive sufficient of your efforts. The President believed that holding public protests would only anger numerous white people and make it also more challenging to to convince the members the Congress that didn"t agree v him to happen civil rights laws. By June 11, 1963, however, chairman Kennedy made decision that the time had come to take stronger activity to assist the civil civil liberties struggle. That proposed a new Civil rights bill come the Congress, and he went on television asking americans to end racism. "One hundred years of hold-up have passed because President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet your heirs, your grandsons, room not completely free," the said. "This country was founded by guys of numerous nations and backgrounds… on the principle the all males are developed equal." president Kennedy made it clear the all Americans, regardless of their skin color, need to enjoy a an excellent and happy life in the united States. 

The president is Shot

On November 21, 1963, president Kennedy flew to Texas to offer several political speeches. The following day, as his automobile drove slowly past cheering crowds in Dallas, shots rang out. Kennedy was seriously wounded and died a short time later. Within a couple of hours that the shooting, police arrested Lee Harvey Oswald and charged him through the murder. Top top November 24, one more man, Jack Ruby, shot and killed Oswald, therefore silencing the only human who might have offered more information about this disastrous event. The Warren commission was arranged to investigate the assassination and also to clarification the many questions i m sorry remained. 

The heritage of man F. Kennedy

President Kennedy"s fatality caused massive sadness and grief amongst all Americans. Most civilization still remember precisely where lock were and also what they were doing as soon as they heard the news. Thousands of thousands of world gathered in Washington for the President"s funeral, and also millions transparent the human being watched it on television. As the years have actually gone by and other presidents have written their chapters in history, man Kennedy"s quick time in office stands the end in people"s memories because that his leadership, personality, and also accomplishments. Numerous respect his coolness when challenged with an overwhelming decisions--like what to do around Soviet missiles in Cuba in 1962. Others admire his capacity to inspire human being with his eloquent speeches. Still rather think his compassion and his willingness to fight for new government programs to aid the poor, the elderly and also the okay were most important. Choose all leaders, man Kennedy do mistakes, yet he was always optimistic about the future. He believed that world could fix their common problems if they placed their country"s interests first and operated together.