Fecal incontinence is the i can not qualify to regulate bowel movements, resulting in stool (feces) to leak unexpectedly from the rectum. Additionally called bowel incontinence, fecal incontinence varieties from an sometimes leakage of stool while passing gas to a complete loss of bowel control.

You are watching: Why do i sneeze when i poop

Common causes of fecal incontinence encompass diarrhea, constipation, and also muscle or nerve damage. The muscle or nerve damage may be associated with aging or with giving birth.

Whatever the cause, fecal incontinence deserve to be embarrassing. But don"t shy far from talk to your doctor around this usual problem. Treatments can improve fecal incontinence and your high quality of life.


Fecal incontinence may happen temporarily throughout an occasional bout that diarrhea, yet for some people, fecal incontinence is chronic or recurring. Human being with this condition may be unable to avoid the urge to defecate, which come on so suddenly that lock don"t make it come the toilet in time. This is called urge incontinence.

Another form of fecal incontinence wake up in world who are not mindful of the have to pass stool. This is referred to as passive incontinence.

Fecal incontinence may be accompanied by various other bowel problems, such as:

Diarrhea Constipation Gas and also bloating

When to check out a doctor

See your physician if friend or your child develops fecal incontinence, particularly if it"s constant or severe, or if it causes emotional distress. Often, human being are wake up to tell their doctors around fecal incontinence. But treatments room available, and the sooner you"re evaluated, the sooner friend may find some relief from her symptoms.

Request an meeting at mayo Clinic


For countless people, there is much more than one reason of fecal incontinence.

Causes deserve to include:

Muscle damage. Injury come the ring of muscle in ~ the end of the rectum (anal sphincter) might make it challenging to organize stool ago properly. This sort of damages can occur during childbirth, especially if you have an episiotomy or forceps are used throughout delivery. Nerve damage. Injury come the nerves that feeling stool in the rectum or those that control the anal sphincter deserve to lead to fecal incontinence. The nerve damages can be caused by childbirth, continuous straining during bowel movements, spinal cord injury or a stroke. Part diseases, such together diabetes and multiple sclerosis, additionally can influence these nerves and also cause damages that leader to fecal incontinence. Constipation. Chronic constipation may cause a dry, difficult mass that stool (impacted stool) to type in the rectum and become too large to pass. The muscle of the rectum and intestines stretch and also eventually weaken, allowing watery stool indigenous farther up the digestive tract to move roughly the affected stool and also leak out. Chronic constipation may additionally cause nerve damage that leads to fecal incontinence. Diarrhea. heavy stool is simpler to retain in the rectum 보다 is loosened stool, therefore the loosened stools the diarrhea can cause or worsen fecal incontinence. Hemorrhoids. as soon as the veins in her rectum swell, resulting in hemorrhoids, this keeps your anus native closing completely, i m sorry can allow stool to leak out. Loss the storage volume in the rectum. Normally, the rectum follow me to accommodate stool. If her rectum is scarred or stiff due to surgery, radiation treatment or inflammation bowel disease, the rectum can"t big as lot as it needs to, and also excess stool deserve to leak out. Surgery. surgical treatment to law enlarged veins in the rectum or anus (hemorrhoids), and also more-complex operations including the rectum and also anus, can reason muscle and also nerve damage that leader to fecal incontinence. Rectal prolapse. Fecal incontinence can be a result of this condition, in i m sorry the rectum fall down right into the anus. The stretching of the rectal sphincter through prolapse damages the nerves that manage the rectal sphincter. The longer this persists, the less likely the nerves and muscles will recover. Rectocele. In women, fecal incontinence can occur if the rectum protrudes through the vagina.

Risk factors

A number of factors may rise your risk of arising fecal incontinence, including:

Age. return fecal incontinence can happen at any type of age, it"s more common in adults over 65. Being female. Fecal incontinence deserve to be a complication that childbirth. Current research has likewise found the women that take menopausal hormone replacement therapy have actually a modest raised risk the fecal incontinence. Nerve damage. people who have actually long-standing diabetes, lot of sclerosis, or back trauma native injury or surgery may be at hazard of fecal incontinence, together these conditions can damages nerves that assist control defecation. Dementia. Fecal incontinence is often current in late-stage Alzheimer"s disease and dementia. Physical disability. being physically disabled may make it challenging to with a toilet in time. One injury that led to a physics disability also may reason rectal nerve damage, resulting in fecal incontinence.


Complications the fecal incontinence may include:

Emotional distress. The ns of dignity associated with losing manage over one"s bodily features can lead to embarrassment, shame, frustration and depression. It"s common for civilization with fecal incontinence to try to hide the difficulty or to avoid social engagements. Skin irritation. The skin roughly the anus is delicate and also sensitive. Repeated call with stool deserve to lead to pain and also itching, and potentially to sores (ulcers) the require clinical treatment.


Depending top top the cause, it may be possible to enhance or prevent fecal incontinence. This actions may help:

Reduce constipation. increase your exercise, eat an ext high-fiber foods and also drink plenty of fluids. Control diarrhea. dealing with or eliminating the cause of the diarrhea, such together an minister infection, may aid you avoid fecal incontinence. Avoid straining.

See more: What Type Of Bond Is Sodium Fluoride, Formation Of Ionic Compounds Sodium Fluoride

Straining throughout bowel motions can at some point weaken anal sphincter muscles or damage nerves, possibly leading to fecal incontinence.

Feldman M, et al., eds. Fecal incontinence. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran"s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. 11th ed. Elsevier; 2021.https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 8, 2020. Ferri FF. Incontinence, Bowel, yonsei Patient. In: Ferri"s Clinical torture 2021. Elsevier; 2021. Https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 8, 2020. Bowel manage problems (Fecal incontinence). Nationwide Institute the Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/bowel-control-problems-fecal-incontinence. Accessed Oct. 8, 2020. Cameron AM, et al. Surgical monitoring of fecal incontinence. In: existing Surgical Therapy. 13th ed. Elsevier; 2020. Https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 8, 2020. Constipation. Nationwide Institute of Diabetes and also Digestive and also Kidney Diseases. Https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/constipation/all-content#section4. Accessed Oct. 13, 2020. Jiang AC, et al. Assessing anorectal function in constipation and also fecal incontinence. Gastroenterology Clinics of north America. 2020; doi:10.1016/j.gtc.2020.04.011. Brown AY. Allscripts EPSi. Mei Clinic. Oct. 6, 2020. Brototo B, et al. Constipation and also fecal incontinence in the elderly. Present Gastroenterology Reports. 2020; doi:10.1007/s11894-020-00791-1. Narayanan SP, et al. A practical guide to biofeedback therapy for pelvic floor disorders. Current Gastroenterology Reports. 2019; doi:10.1007/s11894-019-0688-3. Mandolfino F, et al. SECCA procedure because that anal incontinence and antibiotic treatment: A case report of anal abscess. BMC Surgery. 2018; doi:10.1186/s12893-018-0389-0. Pettit PD (expert opinion). Mei Clinic. Nov. 9, 2020.