Of the two volleyball referees, the first referee is known as the up official or head referee.

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In USA or FIVB competition, the an initial referee is usually referred to as the first official or R1.

In high institution volleyball, the down referee is also known together theumpire.

In USA or FIVB competition, the 2nd referee is usually described as the second official or R2.

USAV rules rather differ indigenous High School and also other volleyball competitions. With this fact, it"s crucial to end up being familiar through the different rules for playing. As a player, coach, or referee, you need to be familiar with the rules to acquire that vain edge.


First official (R1 or increase referee) - Volleyball Referees

The first referee is the main that stand on the referee stand (raised platform) positioned at on the next of the court across from the team benches. It is the an initial referee the starts play by whistling and signaling (beckoning) the server to serve the ball.

The very first referee is the official in charge. If they feel it"s important to execute so, the very first referee has actually the authority to overrule any kind of of the other officials (second referee scorekeeper, libero tracker, or line judges).

Also, the an initial referee may have officials changed if it is needed.

The volleyball referees should discuss before the complement on what the second referee requirements to signal come the an initial referee (illegal sphere handling, illegal earlier row and also blocks and also attacks, etc.).

THE very first REFEREE...

Whistle any kind of violations It is the an initial referees responsibility to whistle any and also all violations they see. If possible, the 2nd referee need to whistle network violations, centerline violations, offer receive place faults, and serving order violations. If the second official doesnt record these violations, the an initial referee has the authority to make the call.

Whistle player mishandling the ball Only the very first referee has the government to horn ball handling (lifts, dual contacts, 4 hits, etc.). If appropriate, the 2nd referee might discretely signal ball managing to the first referee.

Giving Sanctions Only the very first referee has actually the government to issue sanctions come players, coaches, etc.

Second official (R2 or down referee) - Volleyball Referees

The 2nd referee is pertained to with matters such as keeping time, assisting the first referee in make calls,administering substitutions, and verbally connecting with team coaches.

The 2nd referee also needs to communicate effectively v the scorekeeper. The 2nd referee have to overlook the scorekeeper v recording subs, timeouts, etc. The second referee should assist the scorekeeper and also libero tracker with any type of questions or worries that come up.

The second referee (or umpire) stands on the ground on the opposite side of the court indigenous the very first referee. The 2nd referee have to position us so they have the right to effectively shift from one side of the net to the other when the round is in play.

The second referees key responsibility is to control the court, that is, communicate effectively v players and coaches at the team bench area, the job-related crew in ~ the scores table, the heat judges, and an initial referee. The 2nd referee should help the an initial referee (hand signaling the first referee or blowing the horn to make calls) in order because that the complement to operation as smoothly as possible.


Watch groups for overlaps during the serve Watch the receiving team in ~ the minute the sphere is served for overlaps.

Switching political parties of the net The second referee switches positions one next of the network to the other throughout the match, constantly staying on the side opposite the ball.

Handles substitutions The 2nd referee administers subs, making sure the subs space recorded appropriately on the scoresheet. Once the scorekeeper has actually finished recording the subs, a hand signal is offered to the first referee signaling pat is ready.

Handles time outs When a coach or team captain calls time out, the 2nd referee should blow the whistle and also signal time out. The second referee times the moment outs, whistles at the finish of time, and signals how many time outs have actually been bring away by each team. 

Check out my favourite referee whistles and also reviews here.

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