We commonly use the hatchet ‘weight’ i m sorry is actually the ‘mass’. Numerous things are measured in terms of ‘mass’ in the commercial world.

Measuring Mass

We typically use the term ‘weight’ which is actuallythe ‘mass’. Countless things room measured in terms of ‘mass’ in the advertising world.The SI unit of mass is kilogram. In any type of case, the systems are based on the itemspurchased. For example, we buy yellow in gram or milligram, medications inmilligram, provisions in gram and kilogram and also express cargo in tonnes.

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Can we use the same instrument for measuring theabove detailed items? various measuring tools have to be supplied for items ofsmaller and also larger masses. In this ar we will study around some that theinstruments supplied for measure mass.

## Common (beam) balance

A beam balance compares the sample mass through astandard referral mass. (Standard referral masses space 5g, 10g, 20g, 50g,100g, 200g, 500g, 1kg, 2kg, 5kg). Is balance deserve to measure fixed accurately up to5g (Figure 11).

## Two pan balance

This form of balance is typically used in provisionand grocery shops (Figure 12). Is balance to compare the sample mass v thestandard recommendation mass. The pans remainder on peak of the beam and can beconveniently inserted on a table top. Is balance have the right to measure fixed accurately upto5 g.

## Physical balance

This balance is offered in labs and is comparable to thebeam balance yet it is a lot much more sensitive and can measure up mass of an objectcorrect come a milligram (Figure 13).

The standard recommendation masses offered in this physicalbalance space 10 mg, 20 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg, 500 mg, 1 g, 2g, 5 g, 10 g, 20g, 50 g, 100g, and 200 g.

## Digital balance

Nowadays because that accurate measurements digital balancesare used, which procedures mass accurately even up to a few milligrams, the leastvalue gift 10 mg (Figure 14). Is electrical machine is easy to handle andcommonly provided in jewellery shops and labs.

## Spring balance

This balance helps us to uncover the weight of one object.It is composed of a spring solved at one end and also a hook attached to a rod in ~ theother end. It works by ‘Hooke’s law’ which defines that the addition of weightproduces a proportional boost in the length of the feather (Figure 15). Apointer is attached come the rod i m sorry slides end a graduated range on theright. The spring extends according to the load attached to the hook and thepointer reads the weight of the object on the scale.

Solve – Themass of 40 apples in a crate is 10 kg.(i) find the mass of a dozen of them (ii) to express the fixed of one apologize ingram.

## 1. Difference between massand weight

Mass (m) is the amount of matter had in abody. Load (w) is the normal force (N) exerted through the surface on the body tobalance versus gravitational pull on the object. In the instance of feather scalethe stress and anxiety in the feather balances the gravitational traction on the object. Whenthe man is was standing on the surface ar of the earth or floor, the surface ar exerts anormal force on the human body which is identical to gravitational force. Thegravitational pressure acting on the object is offered by ‘mg’. Below m is fixed ofthe object and ‘g’ is acceleration as result of gravity.

If a man has a massive 50 kg ~ above the earth, then whatis his weight?

Weight(w) = mg

Mass the aman = 50 kg

Hisweight = 50 × 9.8

w = 490newton

The traction of gravity on the Moon is 1/6 times weakerthan the on the Earth. Is causes the load of the object on the Moon to beless 보다 that top top the Earth.

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Acceleration as result of gravity ~ above the Moon = 1.63m/s2

If the fixed of a guy is 70 kg climate his load onthe planet is 686 N and on the Moon is 114 N. But his massive is quiet 70 kg top top theMoon.