The north Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is the state bird of seven states: Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, north Carolina, Ohio, Virginia and also West Virginia.

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An interesting fact is, unlike many North American songbirds, both male and female Cardinals sing.

Also, both male and female bird willfiercely safeguard their breeding territory, which you may have witnessed together odd behavior. If they view their enjoy in a home window or mirror (as top top a automobile rearview winter or a metal bumper) they will attack the object, believing that their enjoy is another Cardinal intruding into their territory.

The north Cardinal is sometimes dubbed the Winter Redbird since it is most noticeable during the winter as soon as it is the just "redbird" present.

American Ornithologists" Union (AOU) typical Name: Northern Cardinal Family: Cardinalidae, Cardinals Scientific name: Cardinalis cardinalis Length: 8.75" (22 cm) Diet: mostly insects, but also seeds & fruit. Voice: track a series of high, clear, sharp, mainly slurred whistles woit woit woit woit chew chew chew chew chew or pichew pichew tiw tiw tiw tiw tiw; numerous variations. Contact a high, tough tik; likewise a softer, climbing twik. Habitat: woodland edges, thickets, suburban gardens, towns, swamps. Displays: Male and female through outstretched necks and also erect crests guide bodies from next to next while to sing softly. Number that broods: 2, 3, periodically 4 broods. Nest: In tree sapling, 1-15" above ground; compact and also well lined to flimsy and also scarcely lined; that weed stems, pliable twigs, bark strips, grass rootlets, with leaves and file interwoven, lined v fine grass, hair. Eggs: Averages 3-4 grayish-, bluish-, greenish-white eggs, marked with browns, grays, purples. 1.0" (25 mm). Incubation period: 12-13 days Fledge: 9-10 job after hatching Longevity Record: 15 Years and 9 months (according to USGS Bird Banding Lab)

Male and also Female north Cardinal Pair Feeding Nestlings

Illinois Birds


In 1928, Illinois school kids selected the cardinal as the State Bird the Illinois. The general Assembly made that designation main in 1929.

Indiana Birds


The cardinal was embraced as the State Bird the Indiana through the 1933 basic Assembly (Indiana password 1-2-8).

Kentucky Birds


The Cardinal became the State Bird that Kentucky during the legislative conference in 1926 .

North Carolina Birds


The Cardinal to be selected by popular selection as the phibìc Carolina State Bird on march 4, 1943. (Session Laws, 1943. C. 595; G.S. 145-2)

Ohio Birds


The Cardinal was asserted as the Ohio State Bird (Ohio modification Code, basic Provisions, thing 5 State Insignia: 5.03. Official State Bird).

Virginia Birds


The northern Cardinal was adopted as the main Virginia State Bird ~ above January 25, 1950.

West Virginia Birds


The cardinal was made the main West Virginia State Bird by home Concurrent Resolution No. 12, adopted by the legislature on in march 7, 1949, authorizing a vote by college student of public schools and also civic organizations.

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More information around the northern Cardinal, that life history, song, identification deserve to be foundhere.

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