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" data-tokenname="FirstPageImageBullets"> In 2015, around 684,000 adolescents aged 12 to 17 provided inhalants in the past year.Adolescents were an ext likely 보다 adults aged 18 or enlarge to have actually used inhalants in the previous year to obtain high (2.7 vs. 0.4 percent).Female teens were much more likely 보다 male teens to have actually used inhalants in the previous month (3.2 vs. 2.3 percent).In 2015, much more than half of teens who used inhalants in the previous year (59.0 percent) had actually used 1 to 11 work in the past year; about 1 in 5 (19.3 percent) had actually used 12 to 49 days.The types of inhalants teens used to acquire high varied. Felt-tip pens/markers, or magic markers were the most typically identified varieties of inhalants adolescents used to acquire high in 2015.

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Inhalants are legal, daily products—including spray paints, felt-tip markers, glue, and gasoline—that room harmless when offered as intended. However, when the vapors from these products are deliberately inhaled to gain high, they come to be potentially toxic and also sometimes lethal.1 Inhalants, which space breathed in with the nose or mouth in a selection of ways, are soaked up quickly through the lungs right into the bloodstream. The user experiences a rapid however short-lived intoxication. Expertise the characteristics of human being who communicate in inhalant usage is critical to assessing plans intended to mitigate inhalant use.

The national Survey on drug Use and also Health (NSDUH) collection information around inhalant use. NSDUH is an annual survey of the U.S. Civilian, noninstitutionalized populace aged 12 year or older and also is the primary source for statistical info on illicit drug use, alcohol use, substance usage disorders, and also mental wellness issues. One of NSDUH"s toughness is the large, nationally representative sample, which permits for the examination of low-prevalence behaviors, such together inhalant use, and particular U.S. Subgroups such together adolescents. NSDUH is a face-to-face family members interview inspection that is fielded repetitively throughout a year. NSDUH asks respondents age 12 or older to report on their usage of inhalants throughout the previous year and past month. Inhalants are defined in NSDUH as "liquids, sprays, and also gases that world sniff or breathe to acquire high or to do them feel good."2 NSDUH likewise asks about the number of days inhalants were used in the past year and the form of inhalant used amongst past year users.


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In this issue of The CBHSQ Report, 2015 NSDUH data are supplied to discover inhalant usage in the joined States amongst those aged 12 or older. The report then examines inhalant usage among adolescents aged 12 come 17 and describes estimates by demographic and also geographic characteristics. As part of the focus on adolescent inhalant use, the report provides approximates of the specific varieties of inhalants usage by teens and the frequency that inhalant use. The estimates are based upon a total sample size of 68,073 world aged 12 or older, consisting of 16,911 adolescents. Every differences questioned in this report room statistically far-reaching at the .05 level.


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To know inhalant use among teenagers aged 12 to 17, that is helpful to study the pervasiveness of inhalant use among teens compared through other period groups. In 2015, roughly 1.8 million human being aged 12 or older supplied inhalants in the previous year to obtain high. This number to represent 0.7 percent of the populace aged 12 or older. The portion of previous year inhalant usage in 2015 was higher among teenagers aged 12 to 17 than among adults aged 18 or older (2.7 vs. 0.4 percent) (data not shown).

Of the 1.8 million human being aged 12 or older who provided inhalants in the past year to get high, about 684,000 were adolescents aged 12 to 17. As displayed in number 1, previous year inhalant use generally decreases v age. Because that example, the portion of 12- or 13-year-olds who supplied inhalants in the past year was higher than the percentages because that 16- or 17-year-olds and every one of the various other older period groups. Similarly, the percentage of 16- or 17-year-olds who offered inhalants in the previous year was comparable to the percent of 18- to 20-year-olds, and also the percent of 18- come 20-year-olds utilizing inhalants was comparable to the portion of 21- to 25-year-olds. Although the percent of 14- or 15-year-olds utilizing inhalants was comparable to the percentage for 12- or 13-year-olds, the percentage of adolescents aged 14 or 15 who offered inhalants in the past year was greater than the percentages for the other age groups.


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Figure 1. Past year inhalant use amongst people aged 12 or older, by period group: 2015


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* Difference in between this estimate and also the estimate for those aged 12 or 13 is statistically far-ranging at the .05 level.

Source: keolistravelservices.com, center for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, nationwide Survey on medicine Use and also Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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In the following sections, the characteristics of teenagers who connect in inhalant use are examined and the frequency of adolescent use of inhalants is also examined. This type of information provides a framework of recommendation for expertise why inhalant usage is of specific concern for adolescents, i beg your pardon subgroups in ~ the adolescent populace are an ext likely to use inhalants, and what is the magnitude of adolescent inhalant use. 


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Figure 2. Previous year inhalant use among teenagers aged 12 come 17, through gender: 2015


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* Difference in between males and females is statistically far-ranging at the .05 level.

Source: keolistravelservices.com, facility for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, nationwide Survey on drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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When examining substance use among teenagers aged 12 come 17, there are often subgroups in ~ the adolescent populace that appear to have actually a greater risk of problem use. For example, adolescent males are more likely 보다 adolescent females to use hallucinogens.3 about inhalant use, adolescent females were more likely come be past year inhalant users than adolescent males (3.2 vs. 2.3 percent, respectively) (Figure 2). Also, substance use differs when examined through race/ethnicity or where teens live in the nation. The percentages of teenagers who offered inhalants in the past year to get high were comparable regardless of race/ethnicity or geography. Past year inhalant use among teenagers was 2.7 percent because that Blacks, 2.6 percent for Whites and adolescents of two or much more races, and 4.6 percent amongst American indians or Alaska Natives (Table S1).4

The percentages of teens using inhalants to get high to be 2.7 percent in the Northeast, 2.6 percent in the Midwest, 2.6 percent in the South, and also 3.1 percent in the West (Table S1).5 over there were likewise no statistically far-ranging differences in the percentages of previous year inhalant use (Table S1) depending on whether teens lived in landscape or city areas.6 because that example, the percentage in the biggest metropolitan locations was 2.9 percent, and also 2.5 percent of teenagers in totally rural locations indicated that they had actually used inhalants in the previous year to get high. All demography comparisons within the adolescent population should it is in reevaluated with additional years the data to determine whether differences come to be statistically significant when estimates are based upon a bigger sample.


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Figure 3. Number of days supplied inhalants in the past year among adolescents who supplied inhalants in the previous year: 2015


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Source: keolistravelservices.com, facility for behavioral Health Statistics and also Quality, national Survey on drug Use and also Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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As formerly noted, the huge majority of adolescents (97.3 percent) go not usage inhalants in the past year to gain high; however, it is likewise important to know the frequency of use amongst the 2.7 percent of teenagers who did use inhalants to acquire high. As shown in number 3, over there is substantial variation in just how often adolescents used inhalants in the previous year. In 2015, an ext than half of adolescents aged 12 come 17 who supplied inhalants in the previous year (59.0 percent) had actually used inhalants top top 1 to 11 days in the previous year, and about 1 in 5 adolescents who supplied inhalants (19.3 percent) suggested that they had used inhalants on 12 to 49 work in the past year. About 1 in 7 adolescents who were previous year inhalant users had used on 50 come 99 days in the past year. Around 1 in 13 adolescents who offered inhalants in the past year had used inhalants ~ above 100 or an ext days in the previous year.


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Because they are easily available, inhalants are often among the an initial drugs that teens use.1 As previously mentioned, inhalants room often household items that adolescents would have ready access to at house or school. NSDUH asks adolescents to recognize the particular inhalants lock have ever (i.e., used at the very least once in your lifetime) to acquire high. Once measuring inhalant use, the NSDUH questionnaire instructs respondent to exclude times when they inhaled a substance accidentally— together as once painting, clean an oven, or filling a car with gasoline.

Of the twelve different species of inhalants the NSDUH respondents were asked around using, felt-tip pens/markers or magic markers was the most generally identified form of inhalant used by adolescents to obtain high. About 6.7 percent of teens have provided felt-tip pens/markers to gain high. In contrast, much less than 2 percent of adolescents reported having ever before used each of the other substances to get high (Figure 4).


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Figure 4. Life time use that inhalants among adolescents aged 12 come 17, through type: 2015


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Source: keolistravelservices.com, facility for behavior Health Statistics and Quality, nationwide Survey on medicine Use and Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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Inhalants are highly accessible, cheap, and easy come hide; castle are likewise addictive and also deadly. Inhalants are particularly appealing to teenagers for plenty of reasons; they room legal, short cost, and also easy come acquire.7 In addition, inhalants can give users a fast yet short-term high, which makes it easy for teens to usage inhalants and also conceal their use.1,7 using inhalants is additionally associated v many an adverse outcomes. Teens who interact in inhalant use room at an raised risk that delinquency, depression, suicidal thoughts, and drug and alcohol use.7 Inhalants also have the special hazard of being deadly any kind of time they space used—even the very first time.1

Although this report highlights that the majority (97.3 percent) of teenagers aged 12 to 17 have actually not used inhalants in the past year to gain high, there were the 684,000 adolescents who did use inhalants in the previous year to gain high. The results in this report underscore that adolescents of all race/ethnicities, across the country, and also in rural and also metropolitan settings are breakable to inhalant use. Therefore, continuing efforts are required to educate adolescents, parents, teachers, physicians, service providers, and also policymakers about the dangers and also health risks of inhalant use. For much more information on the risks of inhalant use, visit http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/inhalant-abuse. Keolistravelservices.com provides information for adolescents about the dangers associated with inhalant use: https://store.keolistravelservices.com/shin/content//PHD631/PHD631.pdf 


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Table S1. Previous year inhalant usage among teenagers aged 12 come 17, by race/ethnicity, region, and also urbanicity: 2015


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* estimates for native Hawaiian or various other Pacific Islander space suppressed due to the fact that of low precision.

Source: keolistravelservices.com, center for behavior Health Statistics and Quality, nationwide Survey on drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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1. National Institute on drug Abuse. (2012). Drug facts: Inhalants. Retrieved indigenous https://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/dfinhalants_1.pdf

2. The category of inhalants asked around in NSDUH are (1) amyl nitrite, "poppers," locker room odorizers, or "rush"; (2) mediate fluid, degreaser, or cleaning fluid; (3) gasoline or lighter fluid; (4) glue, shoes polish, or toluene; (5) halothane, ether, or other anesthetics; (6) lacquer diluent or various other paint solvents; (7) lighter gases, such together butane or propane; (8) nitrous oxide or "whippits"; (9) felt-tip pens/markers, or magic markers; (10) spray paints; (11) computer keyboard cleaner, additionally known as air duster; (12) some various other aerosol spray; and also (13) any other inhalant as well as the ones that have actually been listed. In 2015, the NSDUH estimate of inhalant usage was expanded to include the use of felt-tip pens or computer keyboard cleaner to acquire high. Because of this change, approximates of inhalant usage in 2015 are not contrasted with approximates in front years.

3. These estimates are not had in numbers or tables in this report yet may be discovered in Table 1.52B in the 2015 NSDUH detailed tables: facility for behavior Health Statistics and also Quality. (2016). Results from the 2015 national Survey on drug Use and Health: comprehensive tables. Rockville, MD: problem Abuse and Mental health Services Administration. Retrieved native https://keolistravelservices.com/data/

4. NSDUH asks a collection of questions about race/ethnicity. First, respondents are asked about their hispanic origin, climate they space asked to determine which gyeongju group best describes them: White, black color or afri American, American Indian or Alaska Native, aboriginal Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, Asian, or other. Respondents may select much more than one race. Since respondents could choose more than one racial group, a "two or more races" category is contained for human being who reported much more than one category (i.e., White and Black or african American). Other than for the hispanic or Latino group, the racial/ethnic groups incorporate only non-Hispanics. The hispanic or Latino group includes Hispanics of any kind of race.

5. Result are debated for 4 U.S. Geographic regions. The West has 13 states: AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, and WY. The South has actually 16 states plus the ar of Columbia: AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, and WV. The Northeast has 9 states: CT, MA, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, and also VT. The Midwest has actually 12 states: IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, and WI.

6. Counties to be grouped based on the 2013 Rural-Urban continuous Codes occurred by the U.S. Room of Agriculture. Nonmetropolitan counties in the 3 urban-sized category were additional subdivided by whether the county was adjacent to one or an ext metropolitan areas. A nonmetropolitan county was identified as adjacent if it physically adjoined one or an ext metropolitan areas and had at least 2 percent the its work labor pressure commuting to main metropolitan counties. Nonmetropolitan counties that did not accomplish these criteria were classed as nonadjacent. Metropolitan and also nonmetropolitan categories to be subdivided into three metropolitan and also six nonmetropolitan categories, causing a nine-part ar codification. Large metropolitan statistical locations (MSAs) (large metropolitan) have actually a total populace of 1 million or more. Small MSAs (small metropolitan) have a total populace of fewer than 1 million. Nonmetropolitan counties were classified follow to the aggregate size of their metropolitan population. Nonmetropolitan locations include counties in micropolitan statistics areas and also counties external of metropolitan and micropolitan statistics areas. The Office of Management and Budget defined nonmetropolitan counties follow to (1) the size of the populace in urbanized areas within the county (i.e., a population of 20,000 or more in urbanized areas, a populace of at least 2,500 yet fewer than 20,000 in urbanized areas, or a population of fewer than 2,500 in urbanized areas); and also (2) whether these counties were surrounding or not surrounding to a metropolitan area. Because that NSDUH, this nonmetropolitan categories were categorized as "urbanized," "less urbanized," and also "completely rural." The state "urbanized," "less urbanized," and "completely rural" for counties room not based on the relative proportion the the county population in urbanized areas, yet they space instead based on the absolute size of the population in urbanized areas. For example, part counties classified as "less urbanized" had an ext than 50 percent of the county populace residing in urbanized areas, but this percent represented fewer 보다 20,000 people in the county.

7. Kurtzman, T. L., Otsuka, K. N., & Wahl, R. A. (2001). Inhalant abuse through adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 28(3), 170–180.


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Lipari, R.N. Understanding adolescent inhalant use. The CBHSQ Report: June 13, 2017. Center for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, substance Abuse and Mental wellness Services Administration, Rockville, MD.


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Background: Inhalants room legal, everyday products—including spray paints, felt-tip markers, glue, and gasoline—that are harmless when offered as intended; once the vapors indigenous these commodities are purposely inhaled to acquire high, they become potentially toxic and sometimes lethal. Method: This report supplies data indigenous the 2015 nationwide Survey on drug Use and Health to carry out up-to-date details on inhalant usage among teens aged 12 to 17, consisting of demographic and also geographic attributes of inhalant users. Results: In 2015, about 684,000 teenagers aged 12 to 17 supplied inhalants in the previous year. Adolescents were an ext likely than adults age 18 or enlarge to have used inhalants in the past year to get high (2.7 vs. 0.4 percent). The species of inhalants teenagers used to obtain high varied. Felt-tip pens/markers, or magic markers were the most commonly identified types of inhalants teens used to acquire high in 2015. Female teenagers were much more likely 보다 male teenagers to have actually used inhalants in the past month (3.2 vs. 2.3 percent). In 2015, an ext than fifty percent of adolescents who offered inhalants in the past year (59.0 percent) reported the they had actually used 1 come 11 job in the previous year; around 1 in 54 (19.3 percent) had actually used 12 to 49 days. Conclusion: The results in this report underscore that teens of all race/ethnicities, throughout the country, and in rural and metropolitan settings are delicate to inhalant use. Therefore, continuing efforts are needed to educate adolescents, parents, teachers, physicians, business providers, and policymakers about the dangers and health dangers of inhalant use.

Keywords: nationwide Survey on drug Use and Health, NSDUH, inhalant use, adolescent, inhalant


age Group, Gender, brief Report, populace Data, Parents and also Caregivers, prevention Professionals, adolescents as populace Group, Drug usage Trends, Research and Methodology, Inhalants, every US says Only, ar Type, 2015

The problem Abuse and also Mental health Services management (keolistravelservices.com) is the firm within the U.S. Department of Health and Human services that leader public health efforts to advance the behavior health that the nation. Keolistravelservices.com"s mission is to mitigate the affect of substance abuse and also mental illness on America"s communities.

The nationwide Survey on medicine Use and also Health (NSDUH) is an annual survey funded by The substance Abuse and also Mental health Services management (keolistravelservices.com). The 2015 NSDUH data used in this report are based on information obtained from 68,073 civilization aged 12 or older, including 16,911 adolescents. The survey collects data by administering questionnaires to a representative sample that the populace through face-to-face interviews at their location of residence.

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The NSDUH Report is prepared by The center for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ), keolistravelservices.com, and by RTI international in research Triangle Park, north Carolina. (RTI international is a trade name of research Triangle Institute.)

Information top top the many recent NSDUH is obtainable in the adhering to publication:

Center for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2016). An essential substance use and also mental health and wellness indicators in the joined States: outcomes from the 2015 National Survey on medicine Use and also Health (HHS publication No. SMA 16-4984, NSDUH collection H-51).