MammalLocationWeightIUCN Red perform Status1African ElephantAfrica7,000 kgs(14,432 lbs)Vulnerable(pop.trend: Increasing)2White RhinocerosAfrica3,600 kgs(7,937 lbs)Near Threatened(pop.trend: increasing)3HippopotamusAfrica2,500 kgs(5,512 lbs)Vulnerable(pop.trend: decreasing)4GiraffeAfrica1,600 kgs(3,527 lbs)Least Concern(pop.trend: decreasing)5American BisonNorth America1,000 kgs( 2,205 lbs)Near Threatened(pop.trend: stable)



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In researching this list, height 5 of noþeles has found a debate amongst sources about which soil mammal is the second largest ~ above earth. Plenty of sources list the White Rhino as 2nd on the list whereas various other sources perform the Hippopotamus as the second largest land mammal. Optimal 5 of anything is through the african Elephant top top this one (see below).Belonging to the suborder Suiformes, the hippopotamus is a close family member to the pig. The surname "hippopotamus" is Greek because that "river horse" return the old Egyptians called it a more correct "river pig". The hippo is taken into consideration to be among the world"s many dangerous pets because of its very aggressive and unpredictable nature. It likewise seems to it is in unafraid the humans and has been also known to decapitate a person with one bite. The hippo is thought about to be the most lethal animal in Africa, killing more people yearly than lions, crocodiles, and also elephants.The largest elephant ever before officially recorded was 4 meters tall and also weighed 12,000 kilograms (or practically 26,500 lbs). It was shot in Angola in 1974. Its body is currently on display at the Smithsonian national Museum of organic History, Washington DC.Much like human fingerprints, every giraffe"s cloak is a distinctive pattern. A child giraffe calve is born by fall 6 feet to the ground. Steven Jay Gould once said about the evolution of the long-necked giraffe: "No data from giraffes climate existedto support one theory of causes over another, and none exist now.""…ancestral species are fairly short necked, and also the spotty evidencegives no understanding into just how the long-necked modern-day species arose."The bison is the heaviest land pet in north America and also can run as much as 65 kilometers every hour (40 mile an hour).

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Throughout the 19th century American settlers eliminated up to 50 million bison resulting in their near extinction (they were hunted for assorted reasons, among them was the their tongue was taken into consideration a delicacy). This day their numbers are around 200,000 animals.