Main difference – intensive vs considerable Properties

All matter has actually chemical and physical properties. There room some building materials having unique properties whereas other compounds may have similar properties. Physics properties room properties of issue that deserve to be observed without transforming the chemical composition that matter. Physical properties have the right to be divided into two groups as extensive properties and also extensive properties.

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extensive properties, additionally known as mass properties, do not depend on the amount of matter. Considerable properties space physical nature that count on the amount of matter. This is the key difference between intensive and extensive properties.

Key areas Covered

1. What are intensive Properties – Definition, examples 2. What are considerable Properties – Definition, instances 3. What is the Difference in between Intensive and Extensive Properties – to compare of crucial Differences

Key Terms: boiling Point, mass Properties, Density, Energy, Extensive, Intensive, Matter, melt Point, physics Properties

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What are extensive Properties

Intensive properties room physical properties that carry out not depend on the amount of matter. This means these properties space the same even if us measure them through different quantities of matter. Permit us consider some instances in order to know the nature of these properties.

Melting suggest and cook Point

These are intensive properties. Regardless the lot or the size of the substance, the value obtained for the melting point or boiling suggest of the substance is the same. Because that example, the boiling allude of water is 100oC. Even if we rise the temperature of 100 mL of water, it will certainly boil at 100oC. If we increase the temperature the 500 mL the water, it will additionally boil at 100oC.

Density

Density is likewise an extensive property. The density of a problem is that mass every unit volume. Therefore, no matter how much amount we have, we only measure the mass per unit volume. Yet this is true only for homogeneous systems.

Color

The color of a substance is the very same for any kind of amount of matter.


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Figure 1: shade is an extensive Property


Temperature

When considering the temperature that a substance, the temperature at one allude is comparable to the temperature in ~ a different suggest of the exact same substance.

Since this properties carry out not rely on the size or the lot of matter, they have the right to be offered in the identification of a substance. For example, we can acquire a turbulent idea about an unknown sample by measure the melting allude and boiling suggest of the sample and also then comparing through a publication value.


What are considerable Properties

Extensive properties are physical nature that count on the quantity of matter. This method these properties can be adjusted when the quantity or the dimension of the matter is changed. However, these space physical nature that have the right to be observed without an altering the chemical composition that matter.

Volume

The volume that a problem is various for different amounts.


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Figure 2: Volume is an extensive Property


MassEnergyParticle number

Difference in between Intensive and also Extensive Properties

Definition

Intensive Properties: intensive properties space physical nature that carry out not rely on the lot of matter.

Extensive Properties: considerable properties space physical nature that rely on the quantity of matter.

Quantity

Intensive Properties: intensive properties space independent the the lot of matter.

Extensive Properties: considerable properties depend on the quantity of matter.

Examples

Intensive Properties: Some examples of extensive properties incorporate melting point, cook point, density, etc.

Extensive Properties: Some examples of considerable properties incorporate volume, mass, energy, etc.

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Conclusion

Physical nature of issue are the nature that can be measured without altering the chemistry composition that matter. Physics properties are in two types as extensive properties and extensive properties. The key difference between intensive and also extensive nature is that extensive properties carry out not rely on the quantity of matter whereas considerable properties count on the lot of matter. 

References:

1. Helmenstine, ann Marie. “Understand Intensive and Extensive Properties.” ThoughtCo, accessible here.2. Helmenstine, anne Marie. “Explanation and Examples of physical Properties.” ThoughtCo, obtainable here.3. “Intensive and extensive properties.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Nov. 2017, accessible here.

Image Courtesy:

1. “Nile red 01” through Kuebi = Armin Kübelbeck – Own job-related (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. “Inscribed cone ball cylinder” by Cmglee – Own job-related (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia