Beryllium chloride, additionally known as beryllium dichloride in IUPAC nomenclature, is an not natural compound the beryllium and also chloride represented by the chemistry formula BeCl2 <1>. It have the right to attract and also hold water native the surrounding atmosphere (hygroscopic compound) and also dissolves fine in number of polar solvents <2>.

Beryllium Chloride Identification

CAS Number7787-47-5 <1>
PubChem CID24588 <1>
ChemSpider ID22991 <3>
UN Number1566 <1>
EC Number232-116-4 <1>
RTECS NumberDS2625000 <1>
NSC Number84263 <1>
ICSC Number1354 <1>
InChI KeyLWBPNIJBHRISSS-UHFFFAOYSA-L <1>



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Beryllium Chloride Formula


How is Beryllium Chloride Prepared

It is synthesized by the reaction the beryllium with chlorine in ~ a temperature of around 250 °C, i beg your pardon is represented by the following equation <4>:

Be + Cl2 → BeCl2


When beryllium oxide reacts through chlorine in the presence of carbon in ~ a temperature of around 700-900 °C, it undergoes carbothermal palliation to productivity carbon monoxide and also beryllium chloride <5>:

BeO + Cl2 + C → BeCl2 + CO

BeCl2 can likewise be created by the reaction that beryllium through a diluted equipment of hydrogen chloride:

Be + 2HCl → BeCl2 + H2

Reactions with various other Compounds

Beryllium Chloride v Silver Nitrate

Beryllium chloride reacts through silver nitrate liquified in water, to kind silver chloride powder and an aqueous systems of beryllium nitrate:

BeCl2 + 2AgNO3 → Be(NO3)2 + 2AgCl


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Beryllium Chloride Bonding


Properties and Characteristics the Beryllium Chloride

General Properties

Molar Mass/Molecular Weight79.912 g/mol <1>

Physical Properties

Color and AppearanceColorless/white, whitish-yellow, eco-friendly crystalline mass <1>
OdorSharp, pungent <1>
Melting Point415 °C, 779 °F; 399 °C, 750 °F <1>
Boiling Point482 °C, 899.6 °F <1>
Density1.9 g cm-3 <1>
State of matter at room temperatureSolid <1>
SolubilitySoluble in ethyl ether, ethanol, pyridine, and carbon disulfide, insoluble in toluene, benzene <1>
Solubility in Water71.5 g/100 g in ~ 25 °C <1>
Heat volume (C) 71.1 J/mol K, 7.808 J/K

Atomic Properties

Crystal StructureHexagonal

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Structure the Beryllium Chloride


What is Beryllium Chloride offered for

It is a catalyst and also a chemical intermediate for number of beryllium compounds <5>.Used together a raw material used during the electrolytic exploit of beryllium <6>.

Is it Safe

Beryllium chloride causes acute toxicity if inhaled, swallowed, or exposed through the skin. It results in skin corrosion, allergic skin reaction, eye and respiratory street irritation <1>. It is well-known to it is in a carcinogen in humans and also may reason organ toxicity, consisting of lung cancer through repeated exposure <1>.

References:


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Strontium Iodide


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Boron Carbide

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