Greek City-States

The Greek city-states to be the leading settlement framework of the old Greek world and also helped specify how various regions connected with each other.

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Athens indigenous the east

This hand-colored woodcut gives us an artist"s concept of what Athens might"ve looked like throughout the roman emperor Hadrian, as soon as its iconic monuments and temples to be still in their prime.

Photograph by phibìc Wind photo Archive / Alamy stock Photo


A city-state, or polis, to be the neighborhood structure of ancient Greece. Every city-state was arranged with an metropolitan center and also the surrounding countryside. Features of the city in a polis were external walls for protection, and also a public room that contained temples and also government buildings. The temples and government buildings were often built on the height of a hill, or acropolis.A surviving instance of a structure main to an ancient acropolis is the renowned Parthenon of Athens. The Parthenon was a temple built to honor the goddess Athena. The bulk of a polis’s populace lived in the city, together it was the center of trade, commerce, culture, and political activity.

There prospered to more than 1,000 city-states in old Greece, yet the main poleis to be Athína (Athens), Spárti (Sparta), Kórinthos (Corinth), Thíva (Thebes), Siracusa (Syracuse), Égina (Aegina), Ródos (Rhodes), Árgos, Erétria, and also Elis. Each city-state ruled itself. Castle differed significantly from the each other in administer philosophies and also interests. Because that example, Sparta to be ruled by 2 kings and a council of elders. That emphasized maintaining a strong military, when Athens valued education and also art. In Athens every male citizen had the ideal to vote, for this reason they to be ruled through a democracy. Rather than have actually a solid army, Athens kept their navy.

Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. The landscape attributes rocky, mountainous land and also many islands. This physical obstacles caused population centers come be reasonably isolated from each other. The sea was regularly the easiest way to relocate from ar to place. One more reason city-states formed, quite than a central, all-encompassing monarchy, was that the Greek aristocracy strove to preserve their city-states’ independence and to unseat any potential tyrants.

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This hand-colored woodcut gives us one artist's concept of what Athens might've looked like in the time of the roman inn emperor Hadrian, when its above monuments and temples were still in your prime.