Historians study the past by interpreting evidence.  The chronicler works by examining primary resources -- texts, artifacts, and also other products from the time period.  native comparing these resources and examining them in context, the historian develops interpretations, regularly in irradiate of the interpretations of various other historians.  The interpretative writings of chroniclers --books, newspaper articles, encyclopedia entries -- are considered secondary sources.

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​World war I Poster circa 1917​An education and learning for Your:  join the Tanks U.S. Military circa 1918  ​Be a Trained Nurse, circa 1919


 Why research History?

 For a quick overview the why history is important, clock this video by Joanna Hayes licensed has been granted "Why examine History?"



General qualities of liberal arts Literature and also Scholarship

Research in the humanities differs from research study done in the sciences.  The complying with points are crucial to keep in mind as soon as describing just how scholarship is approached.

Research in history focuses on the unique experience and study the the scholar bring to the assets of recorded human thought and also creativity, stood for by initial manuscripts and other primary sources.Generally there are no "definitive" answers; straight causal relationships room not forthcoming.Scholars strive because that valid interpretations the history.Scholars typically work alone, dealing either specifically with primary sources themselves, or with second literature neighboring these sources.Methodologies monitor no universally prescribed norm.Due come the individualistic nature the the research, there is tiny sharing of info with colleagues prior to publication.Most research appears as journal write-ups or books.  Timeliness of publishing is the little consequence to the reader; reactions and also debate may continue for years through no definite resolution.Books represent a relatively huge proportion the the literature, enabling for indepth expedition of context and interpretation.

Conducting Research because that a History Paper

The assignment of writing a research file for a college-level background course is one important skill.  Patrick Rael of Bowdoin University outlines three important steps:

"First, college student must find a historical difficulty worth addressing.  This is excellent most often by reading and also comparing secondary history sources, such together monographs and also journal articles.  merely finding relevant an additional materials calls for its very own particular collection of skills in utilizing the library:  searching catalogs, accessing on-line databases, utilizing interlibrary loan, and also even knowing how to pose questions to reference librarians.  analysis these sources, determining their arguments, and also putting castle in conversation with each other constitute an additional broad set of an abilities which space enormously challenging to master.

Second, having emerged a historical problem, college student must find a set of primary historical sources, which deserve to actually deal with the question they have actually formulated.  when again, this is no easy task.  that requires an additional array of skills in utilizing the library.  Students need to know how to navigate the on-line library catalog. They need to be ready to explore the stacks, find out to use unique collections, take trip off-campus to brand-new libraries, or interview informants.  This type of primary source research requirements a diligence and also persistence rare in this days of easy web access.

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Finally, students have to put all this info together and also actually develop knowledge.  They have to craft a record wherein they pose a clear historical problem and then sell a thesis addressing it.  In a well-structured, gramatically exactly essay, they must work their method through an debate without fallout’s into common historical fallacies.  they must match evidence to argument, subordinate tiny ideas to big ones, and also anticipate and also pre-empt challenges to your argument."

In the following section, historical thinking skills, we"ll research the steps above in an ext detail.

General details Literacy ModulesUnit 1:  The research study ProcessUnit 2:  The WebUnit 3:  referral SourcesUnit 4:  digital DatabasesUnit 5:  turn BooksUnit 6:  AssociationsUnit 7:  Writing and also CitingUnit 8:  Annotated Bibliography 
Scientific information Literacy ModulesUnit 1:  What is Science?Unit 2:  scientific Information