After a mindful medical assessment, your doctor has actually recommended the you should have a gastroscopy examination, a non-surgical method that can aid in diagnosing problems of the top digestive system. Based upon the results of this exam, her doctor deserve to then suggest the best course of therapy for her problem. More accurate than a barium x-ray and also much much easier than exploratory surgery, gastroscopy is a safe and also highly reliable diagnostic technique.

You are watching: What does scope mean in medical terms

Understandably, many patients are a little apprehensive around the idea of "swallowing a scope." However, v the aid of contemporary medical instruments and also sedation, patients generally tolerate this test through ease. After the check is completed, most patients space pleasantly surprised by exactly how easy it was. We have written this info to answer any kind of questions the you may have about gastroscopy. If you have extr questions or pertains to after analysis it, you re welcome feel cost-free to consult her doctor.

REASONS because that THE EXAM

Disorders the the top digestive tract space quite typical in our stressful society. Various factors such as diet, environment, and also heredity contribute to these conditions. Gastroscopy is often useful in diagnosing and also treating difficulties such as:

Abdominal painBleeding indigenous the digestive tractCancers of the stomach or esophagusChronic heartburn and indigestionDiagnosis and removal that stomach polypsDilatation of esophageal stricturesGastritis, or stomach inflammationHiatal herniaRemoval that swallowed objectsTrouble swallowingTreatment the the "Ulcer Bacteria"Ulcers that the esophagusUlcers the the stomach and also ulcers of the duodenumUnexplained chest pain

THE scope

Gastroscopy is a medical term that has actually two parts: gastro because that "stomach," and scopy for "looking." Gastroscopy, then, is a diagnostic check that enables the medical professional to look at inside your stomach. The instrument provided to carry out this basic test is the gastroscope; a long, thin, flexible fiberoptic tube. Within the finish of this remarkable maker is a miniaturized color TV camera v a vast angle lens. By pass this "scope" into your stomach, your physician can straight examine the lining that your upper digestive system on a tv monitor. The technical name because that this check is Esophago-Gastro-Duodenoscopy. Come simplify things the shortened form of the name GASTROSCOPY is usually used, or the initials EGD. The check is quick and painless. There is no incision.


As component of your evaluation, your family members doctor might have already ordered a barium x-ray that your top digestive device - an upper GI SERIES. This x-ray exam may have been helpful in directing attention to one area of possible abnormality. Yet x-rays frequently do not completely reveal what is wrong. In fact, it is thought that the typical Upper GI x-ray might miss up to 30% of peptic ulcers. Fortunately, gastroscopy patent a much an ext accurate see of your top digestive system. Fairly than examining an indirect x-ray "shadow picture" of her stomach, gastroscopy enables your medical professional to straight view your top digestive tract in "living color" and also to study the lining in exceptional detail. Thus, the is much an ext accurate.


Your participation is crucial for a successful examination. Over there are details things the you have the right to do before the check to help:

Preparation Your stomach should be empty during gastroscopy so the your doctor's view is no blocked by corpuscle of food. If your test is booked in the morning, you need to not eat or drink anything after midnight the night before the test. You may gargle and also brush your teeth in the morning. If her test is reserved in the afternoon, you may have actually only liquids - such together juice, coffee, tea, broth - because that breakfast. Then start fasting. You have to not eat or drink anything for at the very least 6 hours prior to the exam.

Medications You may continue to take any type of important drugs that your an individual physician has prescribed - even on the morning the the test. Just take them with a small sip the water at the very least two hours before your appointment. This allows time because that the tablets to dissolve completely. You must not take any kind of antacids ~ above the job of the test. If you are a diabetic ~ above insulin, contact for unique instructions. Execute not use tobacco in ~ two hours of your test because this tends to impact the natural color of her stomach lining.

What to WearYou will have to readjust into a patient gown prior to the examination. If this test is being done on an outpatient basis, you should wear loose, comfortable, casual clothes that is easily removed and also folded. Stop girdles, pantyhose, or tight-fitting garments. Please leave her jewlery, valuables, and also high heels in ~ home.

TransportationTo minimize any discomfort, girlfriend will obtain a sedative injection before the examination. As this medication will certainly make friend drowsy for number of hours, you can not safely drive a vehicle for the remainder that the day. Therefore, if this check is being done on one outpatient basis, a family members member or friend have to accompany you come the office in stimulate to journey you home. If possible, girlfriend should choose someone with whom the doctor have the right to freely talk about the outcomes of your test. Us request that your companion remain in the office throughout the test. Friend should plan to arrive fifteen minutes before your appointment and to stay approximately two hours.

Of course, if this test is being excellent on a hospital inpatient basis, a driver will not it is in needed. After ~ the examination, girlfriend will simply return to your hospital bed come sleep off the remainder that the medication.

Your PermissionIf you have any questions around this test, carry out not hesitate to ask the GI Assistant, nurse, or doctor. To represent that you totally understand what this check involves, you will certainly be inquiry to authorize a composed consent form, or "permit," before the check begins.



Before the test begins, you will certainly be asked to remove any kind of dentures or eyeglasses. Contact lenses need not it is in removed.

To do this examination more comfortable, the GI Assistant will certainly then spray the back of her throat v a fluid anesthetic. This might taste contempt bitter and also will develop a numbness in her mouth and also throat. This result will last approximately one half hour. Then you will be positioned comfortable on your left side on the padded check table. A small painless oximeter probe will certainly be placed on your fingertip come monitor her pulse rate and also breathing function during the exam.

To maximize her comfort throughout the examination, you will then be offered an intravenous injection of Demerol, a pains killer, combined with Versed, a mild tranquilizer. If you are allergic to either of these medications, please inform your doctor. These drugs will do you drowsy and also relaxed. You will certainly not it is in deep asleep favor a general anesthetic, but your doctor will offer you sufficient medication come induce a pleasant "twilight sleep." In this manner, you should feel no discomfort during the test. ~ above awakening, girlfriend will probably have tiny recollection of the procedure, itself. When you are really relaxed, the doctor will gently insert the functional gastroscope. Because this scope walk not get in your "windpipe," it will not interfere v your capacity to breathe. The most frequent are afraid expressed by patient is that they will be unable to gulp down the scope due to the fact that of gagging. Fortunately, the medications given prior come the procedure usually prevent this from happening. Even the many apprehensive patients tolerate the procedure rather well.

A small mouthpiece will then it is in placed between your teeth allowing you come relax your jaws. To much better see the lining of your top digestive tract, your stomach is climate gently filled v a small quantity of air. When this air may reason the sensation of abdominal muscle fullness, it must not be painful. Her doctor have the right to now begin to check the lining of her esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, an exam that takes around fifteen minutes.


If her gastroscopy reveals any type of abnormal problem such as an ulcer, her doctor might photograph it. This snapshot provides a permanent record for your clinical chart and also also permits your various other doctors to view what is wrong. If necessary, a videotape that the procedure may be recorded for later on review.

To far better evaluate areas of abnormality, her doctor might take a biopsy. This procedure is performed painlessly v a miniature forceps. ~ passing the forceps with a hollow channel inside the gastroscope, your doctor just snips turn off a small sample of organization for activities analysis. If a small growth referred to as a polyp is found, it can often be removed for analysis. This is done by using a thin wire-loop snare which cut off the polyp and also then cauterizes the basic using electrical heat. This is likewise painless.

Be assured that your doctor's decision to take it a biopsy does no necessarily average that cancer is suspected. Biopsies the the digestive tract are consistently taken to inspection other difficulties such as inflammation and ulcers.

If you have difficulty swallowing and also the medical professional finds a narrowed area in your esophagus, it might be possible to dilate this "stricture" during this exam v a small balloon dilator.



After one outpatient gastroscopy, friend will rest awhile in the office restore room. Your companion will be asked to sit v you if the results of the sedation stay off. Initially you might feel slightly bloated native the air that was inserted in your stomach throughout the examination. This emotion will slowly subside. Once you are an ext alert, the medical professional will fulfill with you to discuss the test's findings and any recommended treatment. If a biopsy to be obtained, the physician will call you v the results once they become available.

You will certainly then have the ability to return house with her companion's assistance. Due to the fact that you will still be somewhat drowsy and uncoordinated, you will be taken in a wheelchair to your car by the office personnel.

Since the effects of the sedatives may take as much as 24 hours to wear off completely, you should plan to go directly home - not to a restaurant. Have a light meal, and also rest for number of hours. After ~ the sedation has completely worn off, you might resume your common diet. However, you will certainly not be able to go come work, drive your car, or operate any type of dangerous machinery for the remainder that the day. You might experience a soft sore throat after gastroscopy. If this occurs, anesthetic neck lozenges, such as Cepacol or Sucrets, room helpful.


While every medical procedure entails some level of risk, the frequency of complications throughout gastroscopy is exceptionally low. With the contemporary flexible fiberoptic tools now available, gastroscopy has become a safe and simple an approach of analyzing the upper digestive tract. Once performed through a physician who is particularly trained and also experienced in this procedure, the services of gastroscopy much exceed that risks.

Your doctor is a GASTROENTEROLOGIST. In enhancement to standard clinical training, he has received distinct instruction in illness of the cradle system and also has been thoroughly trained in the safe and proper operation of the gastroscope. The combination of this experience and your teamwork should make this test as safe and simple as possible. However, similar to all clinical procedures, complications can sometimes occur.

The main threats are perforation, or a tear, that the stomach or stomach lining and also bleeding. Back perforation normally requires surgery, details cases may be treated v antibiotics and intravenous fluids. Bleeding may occur at the site of a biopsy or polyp removal. Frequently minor in degree, together bleeding may simply stop on its very own or be controlled by cauterization. Hardly ever does surgery end up being necessary. Fortunately, both perforation and bleeding are exceptionally rare throughout gastroscopy. Other minor threats include medicine reactions and also complications related to other illness you may have. Consequently, friend should notify your physician of every allergic tendencies and also medical problems. Occasionally, the site of the sedative injection may end up being inflamed and also tender for a quick time. This is normally not serious and also warm compresses for a few days space usually helpful. While any kind of of these complications may possibly occur, it is fine to remember that each of lock occurs fairly infrequently. Her doctor deserve to further discuss the over risks v you with regard come your particular need for gastroscopy.

HOW around AIDS ?

Due come the recent substantial coverage of AIDS in the media, some individuals have actually been concerned that they can contract AIDS v this examination. It is in assured the this is no the case. Every our tools are generally cleaned and also undergo high level disinfection between each case. Only techniques known to kill all disease-causing bacteria and also viruses consisting of the AIDS virus room employed in this process.

A valuable TOOL...

See more: Teach A Man To Fish Quote Bible, What Bible Verse Is Teach A Man To Fish

In summary, gastroscopy is a valuable tool because that the diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the upper digestive tract. Abnormalities doubt by X-ray deserve to be confirmed and studied in detail during this procedure. Also when X-rays room normal, the cause of together symptoms as ab pain and internal bleeding can regularly be identified by gastroscopy. This method is useful in the diagnosis and follow-up the patients with peptic ulcers and also enables dilatation that esophageal strictures. Gastroscopy is really safe and worthwhile procedure that is really well tolerated. If girlfriend have any kind of questions or concerns concerning this procedure, perform not hesitate come consult your doctor.