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Medical hatchet Daily (MTD) is a blog sponsored by Clinical Anatomy Associates, Inc. as a company to the clinical community, medical students, and the medical industry. We will write-up a workweek day-to-day medical or surgical term, its definition and usage, and biographical notes on anatomists, surgeons, and researchers with the ages. Be warned that several of the photos used depict person anatomical specimens.

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A minute in History

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Antoine Louis (1723–1792)

French surgeon, anatomist, and also physiologist. Complying with his medical studies and a long career together a physiologist, Antoine luigi was named Permanent Secretary of the imperial French Academy the Surgery. His other titles to be those of Professor that the royal Academy, Consultant operated doctor of the militaries of the King, member of the Royal society of scientific researches of Montpellier, Inspector that the Royal army Hospitals, and also Doctor in legislation of the university of Paris. Together a member of these academies luigi was important in the design and also construction that the guillotine. Initially dubbed the "Louisette", this machine was later on named after another French doctor in the same committee, Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin.

Antoine Louis" name is better know to history as the eponymic beginning of the "sternal angle" also know as the "Angle of Louis" and synonymously (probably through misspelling or translation) the "angle the Lewis", and also "angle of Ludwig". This anatomical landmark is extremely vital as it serves as a superficial landmark for essential anatomical occurrences (click here).

As a allude of controversy, there are some that contest the history of this eponym adjudicating it to Pierre Charles Alexander luigi (1787-1872), another French physician committed to the study of tuberculosis.

Sources:1. Srickland, N; Strickland A edge of Louis, an ext Than Meets the Eye. MedTalks:2. Ramana, R. K., Sanagala, T. And Lichtenberg, R. (2006), A new Angle ~ above the edge of Louis. Congestive love Failure, 12: 197–199 3. "The origin of clinical Terms" Skinner, HA; 1970

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The suffix <-(o)plasty> has a Greek origin and method "formed or molded". That is used in surgical procedure to represent a surgical repair wherein the body organ or body part is re-formed. For practical purposes, a great an interpretation for this suffix is "surgical reshaping".

See more: What Is The Plural For Mouse ? What Is The Plural Of Mouse

If an organ or body part is surgically manipulated, cut, or opened, climate there space two means to fix the damage. The very first one is come repair and also leave it exactly as that was before the operation. The ideal suffix to use in this situation is <-orrhaphy>, definition "repair". The 2nd case is once the organ has been repaired in together a means that is various in form than once the operation started. In this case the ideal suffix to usage is <-oplasty>.

Some applications of this suffix are:

Hernioplasty: operation reshaping that a hernia• Abdominoplastly: surgical reshaping that the abdomen• Rhinoplasty: surgical reshaping the the nose• Aneurysmoplasty: surgical reshaping the an aneurysm• Mammoplastly: operation reshaping the the breast