The walleye averages 1 to 2 pounds in many waters, despite it periodically exceeds 10. The torpedo-shaped fish arrays from dark olive brown come yellowish gold, its sides often significant with brassy flecks. The walleye is named for that pearlescent eye, i m sorry is brought about by the tapetum lucidum, a reflective great of pigment that helps the fish to see and feed in ~ night or in turbid water. Uneven the sauger, the walleye lacks spots on its dusky dorsal fin, other than for a dark splotch in ~ the rear base of the fin, a noting the sauger does not have. The reduced tip that the walleye"s tail is white, uneven the all-dark lower lobe that the sauger.
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The walleye is native to most of Minnesota, prospering in large, shallow, windswept lakes through gravel shoals, such together Mille Lacs, Leech, Winnibigoshish, Upper and also Lower Red Lake, Lake of the Woods and Lake Vermilion. That is additionally native to many smaller lakes and steams in every one of Minnesota"s significant drainages. Because of that is popularity together a game and food fish, the walleye was introduced to many other lakes, wherein it has become established. The walleye currently occupies about 1,700 lakes totaling 2 million acres and also 100 warm-water streams totaling 3,000 miles.
The walleye"s low-light vision and sensitivity come bright irradiate play a huge role in the behavior. They typically feed in shallow water in ~ dawn and also dusk. Walleye are fish-eaters, preying heavily on yellow perch, which cannot see as well as the walleye in low light and thus are straightforward prey in ~ night. Through daylight, walleye move right into the shadows of cliffs, boulders, logs and also even heavy weeds. Doing not have this cover, they look for shelter in depth water. Walleye remain more active transparent the job if turbidity, tide chop or clouds mitigate rightness. Walleye might suspend end deep water to feed on open-water species.
Walleye generate over rock, rubble, gravel and comparable substrate in rivers or windswept shallows in water 1 to 6 feet deep, wherein current clears away good sediment and also will cleanse and aerate eggs. Masculine walleye move into spawning areas in beforehand spring as soon as the water temperature might be only a few degrees above freezing. The bigger females arrive later. Spawning will its peak once water temperature ranges from 42 come 50 degrees. A five-pound woman deposits an ext than 100,000 eggs. Neither parent cares for the egg in any type of way.
Depending top top weather, the success the spawning have the right to vary significantly year come year. Quickly warming water can cause eggs to flower prematurely. Prolonged cool weather can delay and dilute hatching. A cold snap after ~ the hatch can suppress the production of microcrustaceans that walleye fried food eat. Year-class strength can vary 100-fold, depending upon the success the the hatch and also survival the the fry. One walleye year-class may dominate in a lake, if walleye a year older or a year younger are scarce.
After spawning, walleye move to feeding areas. Walleye room a "cool-water" species, preferring warmer water than execute trout and cooler water than execute bass and panfish. As the desired forage fish become larger and much more abundant throughout the summer and walleye need to spend much less time hunting food, walleye typically spend an ext time in deep, cool water, away from bright light, whereby they are most comfortable.
Sauger are comparable to walleye in appearance and habits, though their distribution is an ext limited. They live in Lake St. Croix, the Minnesota River and the Mississippi River and also the Mississippi River listed below the twin Cities. They likewise are common in Lake that the Woods, merganser Lake and also Lake Kabetogama.
The sauger is smaller and much more slender than the walleye, seldom exceeding 3 pounds. Its dorsal fin, uneven the walleye"s, is significant by rows that dark spots and also lacks the dark blotch at the behind base. The sauger also lacks the white reduced tail tip. The sauger watch even far better than the walleye in darkness or turbid water, and this determines your distribution.
Though also excellent table fare, the sauger is less renowned than the walleye because of its smaller sized size. The keolistravelservices.com undertakes no direct sauger management other 보다 the evaluation and also protection that habitat and also the forage base.
Yellow perch are golden or brassy yellow with 6 to ripe dark vertical bars on their sides. They perform not have the canine teeth of walleye and also sauger.
Perch are found throughout the keolistravelservices.com, often in such numbers they room stunted for absence of food. Sometimes infected with unappetizing parasites, they are thought about pests other than in huge hard-water walleye lakes, whereby they may exceed a pound and are great table fare. Perch feeding on a range of small fish and invertebrates.
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Yellow perch may be solitary most essential prey types in numerous lakes because that largemouth bass, northern pike and particularly walleye. Favor the walleye, perch that one year-class may be superabundant while one more year-class might be nearly absent. Solid perch year-classes usually coincide with abundant walleye year-classes. Wild fluctuations in perch numbers affect the health and growth rates of walleye. Lock also impact angling. Fishing may be negative when forage-size perch room abundant, simply due to the fact that walleye space well fed.