Proteins room often referred to as the body’s building blocks. Lock are supplied to build and also repair tissues. They aid you struggle infection. Her body provides extra protein because that energy. The protein foodstuffs group contains seafood, lean meat and poultry, eggs, beans and peas, soy products, and unsalted nuts and also seeds. Protein is also found in the dairy products group. Protein from plant resources tends come be reduced in saturated fat, consists of no cholesterol, and also provides fiber and other health-promoting nutrients.

You are watching: What do carbohydrates and proteins have in common


Carbohydrates space the body main source of energy. The fruit, vegetables, dairy, and also grain food teams all save carbohydrates. Sweeteners favor sugar, honey, and also syrup and foods with included sugars like candy, soft drinks, and also cookies additionally contain carbohydrates. Try to obtain most of your carbohydrates native fruits, vegetables, fat-free and also low-fat dairy, and also whole grains fairly than added sugars or polished grains.

Many foodstuffs with carbohydrates also supply fiber. Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that your human body cannot digest. It is discovered in plenty of foods that come native plants, including fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, beans, and also whole grains. Eating food v fiber can assist prevent stomach or intestinal problems, such together constipation. It could also assist lower cholesterol and blood sugar.

It’s much better to gain fiber native food 보다 dietary supplements. Start adding fiber slowly. This will assist avoid gas. To add fiber:

Eat cooked dried beans, peas, and also lentils.Leave skin on her fruit and vegetables however wash them prior to eating.Choose entirety fruit end fruit juice.Eat whole grain breads and cereals that contain fiber.


Fats offer you energy, and they help the human body absorb certain vitamins. Important fatty acids assist the body function, but they no made by her body—you have to consume them. Countless foods naturally contain fats, consisting of dairy products; meats, poultry, seafood, and eggs; and also seeds, nuts, avocados, and also coconuts.

Certain type of fat deserve to be poor for your health—saturated fats and trans fats:

Saturated fats are uncovered in the greatest quantities in butter, beef fat, and coconut, palm, and palm kernel oils. Higher-fat meats and dairy and also cakes, cookies, and some snack foods items are greater in saturation fats. Key with countless ingredients are usual sources of saturation fat, consisting of pizza, casseroles, burgers, tacos, and also sandwiches.Trans fats, which is brief for trans fatty acids, occur naturally in part foods but are additionally artificially produced. Due to the fact that trans fats room not healthy, food manufacturers space phasing castle out. Yet trans fats can still be discovered in part processed foods, such as part desserts, microwave popcorn, frozen pizza, margarine, and also coffee creamer.

Fats that contain greatly trans fats and saturated fats are solid at room temperature. Limit her intake that saturated fat to less than 10 percent of her calories every day, and also keep trans fat intake together low together possible.

Replace saturated and trans fats through these two species of healthy fats while keeping total fat intake within the recommended range:

Monounsaturated fats. these are discovered in the greatest quantities in canola, olive, peanut, sunflower, and safflower oils and in avocados, peanut butter, and also most nuts.Polyunsaturated fats. this are found in the greatest quantities in sunflower, corn, soybean, and also cottonseed oils and in fat fish, walnuts, and some seeds.

Oils contain largely monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats and are fluid at room temperature. These types of fat it seems ~ to lower your chance of heart disease when they replace saturated fats. But that doesn’t average you have the right to eat much more than the dietary Guidelines suggests.

See more: D Is Hawaii Close To The Equator, Distance Between Hawaii And Equator

To reduced the saturation fat in your diet:

Choose cut of meat with much less fat and also remove the skin native chickenUse low-fat or fat-free dairy productsChoose oils, such together olive or canola, for cookingReplace ingredients greater in saturation fats with vegetables, totality grains, low-fat and fat-free dairy products products, or lean cut of meats and also poultry

Read around this object in Spanish. Lea sobre este tema en español.

For an ext Information on Nutrition and also Aging

National institute of Diabetes and also Digestive and also Kidney conditions (NIDDK)800-860-8747 (toll-free)866-569-1162 (TTY/toll-free)healthinfo