Contrasting student and also scientific views

Student daily experiences

Younger main students may have small knowledge about internal bodily organs. They often tend to think the contents of the body are what they have actually seen gift put into or coming out of it, such as food and blood. Your experiences with daily cuts, scratches and bruises seem to reinforce a watch that blood is listed below the surface ar of the skin, filling the spaces inside the body (like a bag the blood).

You are watching: Two or more organs working together form

Older kids are more likely to be able to list a big number of organs however may not fully understand the duty or interconnected nature that these. For example, student at this levels may realise the the heart is a pump however not realise the the blood return to the heart, or lock may think that the brain helps the body parts however not always realise the the body helps the brain.

Research: Fleer & durable (1996), Gellert (1962), Carey (1985)

Scientific view

To survive and reproduce, the human body relies on significant internal body organs to do certain an important functions. Once two or an ext organs along with their connected structures work together they end up being component parts of a body system.

Some that the quickly recognisable internal organs and also their connected functions are:

The brain

The mind is the regulate centre the the worried system and also is situated within the skull. The functions include muscle control and coordination, sensory reception and also integration, decided production, memory storage, and also the elaboration of thought and emotion.

The lungs

The lungs room two sponge-like, cone-shaped frameworks that fill most of the chest cavity. Your essential role is to carry out oxygen from inhaled air come the bloodstream and to breath carbon dioxide.

The liver

The liver lies on the appropriate side that the abdominal cavity in ~ the diaphragm. That main duty is to process the materials of the blood to ensure composition continues to be the same. This process involves breaking down fats, creating urea, filtering harmful substances and also maintaining a ideal level that glucose in the blood.

The bladder

The bladder is a muscular organ situated in the cavity. It stretches to save urine and contracts to relax urine.

The kidneys

The kidneys space two bean-shaped organs located at the back of the abdominal muscle cavity, one on every side of the spinal column. Their function is to keep the body’s chemical balance by excreting rubbish products and excess fluid in the type of urine.

The heart

The love is a hollow, muscular body organ that pumps blood with the blood vessels by repeated, rhythmic contractions.

The stomach

The stomach is a muscular, elastic, pear-shaped bag, lied crosswise in the ab cavity in ~ the diaphragm. Its main purpose is digestion of food through production of gastric juices which rest down, mix and churn the food into a slim liquid.

The intestines

The intestines space located between the stomach and also the anus and also are separated into two major sections: the little intestine and also the large intestine. The duty of the little intestine is come absorb many ingested food. The large intestine is responsible for absorption the water and also excretion that solid waste material.

Critical to teach ideas

Humans might look different however inside castle share identical component parts.The human being body contains significant internal offal or body parts which can be easily identified. These organs differ in size, shape, location and also function.Each organ has a specific role which contributes come the all at once wellbeing of the human being body.A team of organs whose work are closely related are regularly referred to together a system.

Explore the relationships between ideas about internal body organs in the Concept development Maps (Cell Functions).

Building students’ understanding of interior body organs, how these space linked and also why they job-related together as solution is a complicated process. A useful starting point is to identify students’ present ideas and understandings about what is inside the body. Using day-to-day experiences to attract out these concepts is constantly powerful, such as recalling visits to the doctor, medical operations/procedures, injuries, clinical imaging/scans, posters and advertising images.

It is valuable to discover what interior organs look like and where lock are situated in stimulate to understand the specific duty of each and also how every contributes to maintaining the body alive and well. To teach experiences should start to encourage student to take into consideration how organs work together, i.e. How the work-related of one organ is similar or contributes to the to work of another. This idea leader to the more complex idea the body parts kind connected solution that add to the to work of the body together a whole.

Teaching activities

Bring the end students’ present ideas

Encourage college student to job-related in small groups to create a usual drawing the what lock know about the within of the person body. Think about providing each team with an overview of a human body or have students trace around a team member lied on a huge sheet that paper. For sure students take into consideration the location, size and shape the body parts in their drawings. Have actually students include labels naming each internal component and take into consideration getting the groups to study information about each organ.

Share intellectual control

Provide each student team with at the very least three strips that paper. Have each team list three inquiries that arose as they were completing your drawings, concentrating on points they realised they no know.

Display body drawings and discuss similarities and differences between each group’s representations. Display screen the inquiries and include further concerns to the list together they to happen from this discussions and also observations. Together a class, complete a bundling task sorting the questions. College student should talk about what groupings come use.

These questions have the right to then inform planning of more investigations. Revisit these concerns at the end of each session and respond where ideal with new information.

Clarify and consolidate principles for/by communication to others

By using a jigsaw strategy, students relocate from ‘home’ teams to ‘expert’ groups, and also then ago to ‘home’ teams to collect and share more detailed information around internal body organs. Functioning in ‘expert’ groups, students study a details internal body organ of the human being body. As a result of the experiences listed in this ‘expert’ group, every team member must be able to explain where the organ is located, describe/represent the observable features of the organ and also explain what the body organ does for the human being body and why that is important.

When functioning in experienced groups it may be advantageous for students to:

access helpful websites, science texts and visual imagesexplore clinical modelsexamine animal organs (following regulated health protocols)construct an easy models with products like plasticinecomplete straightforward investigations i beg your pardon demonstrate crucial features and functions of the body organ they space investigating.

Each member climate returns to the ‘home’ group and also shares your expertise, ‘teaching’ your colleagues this brand-new information. Following expert presentations the ‘home’ group returns to their original body drawing and adds new information. These transforming body displays end up being an integral component of the continuous investigation and demonstrate a dynamic, changing display.

Promote reflection on and clarification of currently ideas

To assist students to build richer an individual meanings for ideas and also concepts connected to internal body guts encourage them to finish sentence stems. Sentence stems room incomplete statements draft to carry out a framework for insights and observations. Some examples are: ‘The liver is…’ ‘The liver can…’ ‘A heart has…’ ‘The lung can…’

Encourage students come write brief stories around one that the offal they have investigated, through a focus of ‘a day in the life’ of that organ.

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Challenge some existing ideas and focus fist on hitherto overlooked detail

When college student are familiar with a variety of major internal organs, provide tasks that encourage student to take into consideration how one body organ is similar to or contributes to the work-related of an additional organ. Questioning students concerns such as, ‘How is this like/not choose a comparable organ?’ This urges students to take into consideration similarities and also differences which lock may normally overlook. Various other questions might include:

How space the stomach and bladder alike? exactly how do lock differ?How room the kidneys and also the liver alike? how do castle differ?How is the large intestine favor a tea strainer?How is the love not favor a bicycle pump but an ext like an wait mattress foot pump?

Identify diseases and conditions commonly linked with each major organ, such together heart attack, asthma, stomach ulcer, etc. Talk about contributing factors to these, such as inherited conditions. Explore how medication has emerged effective therapies for numerous of these, for example transplants, mechanical hearts and also medication.​

Further resources

Science related interactive discovering objects can be found on the FUSE Teacher sources page.

To access the interactive discovering object below, teachers should login come FUSE and also search through Learning resource ID:

Human Body – students work through a series of four learning objects around the framework and function of the human being body. They compare people with other animals to check out adaptation come environments.Learning source ID: K6MKAS