Learning Objectives

have the ability to define and also explain the prestige of self-esteem in your career. Define and use the Johari home window as a tool for self-discovery.

What Is Self-Esteem, Self-Image, and Projection?

Self-esteemThe opinion you have actually for yourself and your value as a person. Is the opinion you have of yourself and also your perception on your value as a person. Short (negative) self-esteem can cause people to it is in negative, lack motivation, and also be moody. Those with greater (positive) self-esteem like themselves, for this reason they suppose others to prefer them, too. They nothing harshly referee themselves and also are comfortable with who lock are.

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Self-confidenceYour belief in yourself and also your abilities., on the other hand, is your belief in yourself and your abilities. Often, world with high self-esteem additionally have self-confidence, although this may not constantly be the case. Both self-esteem and self-confidence have the right to translate to positive human being relations since if a human being feels great about himself or herself, that is an ext likely the or she will certainly be an ext comfortable communicating and working in teams—key components for success. Follow to researcher George Hollenbeck and Douglas Hall,George Hollenbeck and also Douglas Hall, “Self-Confidence and also Leader Performance” (technical report, Boston college Executive breakthrough Roundtable, 2004). Self-confidence deserve to come from several sources:

Actual experience. once you have accomplished something and succeeded, it is likely you will have the self-confidence come be successful at the task again. Experiences of others. If girlfriend watch another person perform a task, you may recognize you have the right to do the exact same thing. Social comparison. once we check out others with comparable abilities maybe to do a task, we may feel more confident in our very own abilities to perform the same task. Social persuasion. A rise in self-confidence deserve to come indigenous the encourage of someone we trust. Emotional arousal. This refers to our inside feelings of being sufficient or poor when it concerns accomplishing a details task. This can come from an unfavorable or optimistic self-talk.

Self-efficacyThe to trust you have actually to carry out a particular task. Is the confidence you have actually to lug out a specific task. Someone might have usually lower self-confidence yet have self-efficacy in certain areas the his or her life. Because that example, Michael may have low self-esteem in general, however he is a computer whiz so he has actually self-efficacy in his ability to rebuild a computer.

Self-imageHow one individual think others see him or her. Is a bit various than self-esteem in that it method how one individual thinks others view him or her. One’s self-image might not always be in line with what people actually think, yet you deserve to imagine the affect this can have on human relations at work. If someone’s self-image is that civilization think they room stupid, they may not try as hard due to the fact that they believe this is what world think of lock anyway. Obviously, this deserve to be one unproductive and also unhealthy means of working with others.

ProjectionRefers to how your self-esteem is reflect in the way you law others. Ad to just how your self-esteem is reflect in the way you law others. For example, if Cheng has low self-esteem, he might project this by putting down other human being or belittling them. Likewise, if Cheng has high self-esteem, his projection onto others may be positive.

Improving Self-Confidence

Even if our self-confidence requirements improvement, the an excellent news is that there are countless ways we can improve it. The complying with are examples:

Use optimistic self-talk and visual imagery. Self-talk describes the things we tell ourselves in quiet moments. It could be, “I did a really great job on the project” or “I am not an excellent in math.” we constantly have an internal dialogue and also our subconscious walk not know the difference in between truth and also reality. So once we use an unfavorable self-talk, our subconscious in reality starts to think whatever we are telling it! This is why the is essential to use optimistic self-talk. Intuitive imagery is concentrating on a positive outcome and also imagining it. By concentrating on a positive outcome, we start to think it, in order to making it more likely to happen. Because that example, before you swing a golf club, you may imagine yourself hitting it perfectly v the round going in simply the best direction. This helps acquire us mentally prepared to perform. Take risks. Risk-taking is crucial source of acquiring self-confidence. The course, not all dangers work the end the method we want them to, but until we take risks, we space unable to achieve tasks. Accomplish. Accomplishing something essential such as earning a level or a promo can aid us gain self-confidence. The course, as mentioned earlier, frequently it involves risk absorbing order to accomplish. Know your strengths and weaknesses. Everyone has actually a set of points they are good at. Learning what girlfriend are good at and also focusing top top those things can improve self-esteem. Also, understanding what you are not great at and also working to improve those skills can develop self-confidence, too. Choose to spend time with civilization who rise your self-esteem. There are many an unfavorable people who carry out not desire anyone to succeed because it makes them feel bad around themselves. Choose friends who an increase your self-esteem and also limit the time with human being who injury your self-esteem.

Everyone can continue working on your self-esteem and also self-confidence throughout life. The Johari windowA device that can assist us determine exactly how we view ourselves and also how others watch us. Is one device that can aid us determine exactly how we view ourselves and how others watch us. This have the right to serve together a good starting point and self-assessment tool to assist us become much better at person relations.

The Johari window was produced in 1955 by Josephy Luft and also Harry Ingham. When it was created, the researchers gave human being fifty-six adjective they can use to define themselves. The subjects picked 5 or six adjectives and then had someone that knew them fine pick 6 for that human as well. Then, the adjective were inserted in the proper place in the grid. The grid is composed of four windows. The first window is the open up areaIn the Johari window, the area that the human being knows about themselves and also others know around them.. In this area, these room things the someone knows about themselves and also others view in castle too. The second window is the blind areaIn the Johari window, the area the human doesn’t know around themselves yet others know about them.. In the blind area, the human does not recognize it about themselves, however others see it in them. In the hidden areaIn the Johari window, the area the person knows about themselves, but others do not know around them., the person knows this around her- or himself, but others room not conscious of it. In the unknown areaIn the Johari window, the area that neither the human nor rather know., neither human being knows what exist there. Through time and as we adjust and grow, we may have an ext self-awareness and aspects the ourselves when in the unknown area may get in one that the various other windows.

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Figure 1.2 The Johari Window


Having greater self-esteem and greater self-confidence have the right to improve our projection, meaning we can much better accept criticism, learn from our mistakes, and communicate much more effectively. This can an outcome in better human connections at work-related and, ultimately, higher productivity and greater profitability.

Key Takeaways

Self-esteem is characterized as the opinion one has about their worth as a person. This is various than self-confidence, which refers to the id someone has actually in themselves. Both are important factors to career and human relations success. Self-efficacy is the trust someone has actually to lug out a specific task. Self-confidence and also self-efficacy can come from a variety of sources. Self-image is just how you think others see you, when projection advert to just how your self-esteem is reflected in others. The Johari window is a device to look in ~ our own self-esteem and learn exactly how others watch us. The Johari home window involves the open area, hidden area, blind area, and also unknown area.


compose down the five words that explain you the best. As soon as you watch at these words, space they positive? If they room not positive, what steps deserve to you take it to boost your self-esteem? how will the steps you take improve your human relations skills?