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The post-and-lintel mechanism is a simple an approach of building involving the usage of vertical and also horizontal elements. The verticals assistance the horizontals, creating one storey that a building. Extr verticals have the right to be inserted atop the horizontals to create structures with much more than one level. This means of structure was incredibly important for the architecture of ancient Greece. The ease and also utility made the a popular an option even after ~ other methods of building had been developed.
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THE POST-AND-LINTEL IN MINOAN CIVILIZATION
Knowledge of Minoan human being in the royal residence Periods (the Old Palace period through brand-new Palace Period, or center Minoan IB through Late Minoan IIIA1, 1925 – 1380 BCE) comes down to the contemporary age with excavations of the good palace complexes left top top Crete by the Minoans. These grand structures were built entirely through post-and-lintel construction. In the archaeological record, that is feasible to view where a very first level of short articles would have stood, and also the location of lintels atop castle is quickly deduced. Native this point, do guesses around the construction of a structure becomes more difficult. The higher levels of a building leave no trace in the historical record, so the existence of a 2nd or added stories can only ever before by hypothesized.
The royal residence of Knossos was created with posts and lintels
THE POST-AND-LINTEL IN MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION
Architecture in the Mycenaean duration (Late Helladic IIIA – IIIB, c. 1425 – 1190 BCE) also relied greatly on post-and-lintel construction. Mycenaean architects experimented with the use of posts and lintels as elements of more complex architectural plans. Two examples of this kind of innovation have the right to be discovered in the Lion door of Mycenae and also Treasury of Atreus. The Lion door of Mycenae demonstrates just how an facet of post-and-lintel building and construction can be inserted within a different architectural context. In this case, the post-and-lintel gateway is within a part of the citadel walls of Mycenae composed of ashlar masonry (stone block laid in right lines). Here it is also feasible to see an additional architectural innovation, the relieving triangle. The relieving triangle is design to mitigate the weight put on a lintel. In this case, the carved piece exhibiting the famed lions is created of a form of rock lighter in weight than the neighboring blocks (Biers, p. 68).
The Lion door at Mycenae
The Treasury of Atreus, a tholos tomb at Mycenae (dating to middle Late Helladic IIIB) exhibits comparable innovations to those seen in the Lion Gate. In this case, however, just a lintel is used. The lintel is inserted over walls make of block of stone, acting as the peak of the doorway into the tomb. The walls, while not strictly posts, perform the very same architectural duty in holding up the lintel. The Treasury the Atreus additionally has a relieving triangle, although the stone that filled that is missing - this particular day it is only possible to check out the hole whereby it sat. The relieving triangle helped lessen the weight inserted upon the lintel by the corbel-vaulted tomb. Interestingly, the lintel that the Treasury the Atreus was itself was astonishingly heavy. Its inside piece, measuring ripe meters long, 5 meters wide, and also 1.2 meters thick, weighs 120 tons (Biers, p. 78)
A check out of the inner of the Treasury the Atreus
THE POST-AND-LINTEL IN temple ARCHITECTURE
Greek temples are extremely aesthetic, very closely decorated, and often monumental in scale, however in despite the of every this complexity, temples space engineered through the simple post-and-lintel technique of construction. Together the Ionic and also Doric were occurred in the saturday century BCE, Greek architects continued to count upon the experiment post-and-lintel scheme.
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Posted in ~ Dec 12/2007 06:12PM:keffie: Nice use of a usual architectural feature in several various examples.