facet 8 of periodic table is Oxygen with atomic number 8, atomic load 15.9994. Oxygen, symbol O, has a Base focused Monoclinic structure and also Colorless color. Oxygen is a other nonmetal element. Trivial surname of Oxygen is chalcogens*. Know everything about Oxygen Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8. The is a member that the chalcogen group on the regular table and also is a extremely reactive nonmetal and oxidizing agent that readily forms compounds (notably oxides) with many elements. By mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant facet in the universe, ~ hydrogen and helium.
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Read vital information and facts around element Oxygen
|group in periodic Table||16|
|Group Name||oxygen household|
|period in periodic Table||2|
|Block in periodic Table||p-block|
|Melting suggest||-218.3 °C|
|Boiling allude||-182.9 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 6>|
How to find Oxygen on routine Table
Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is same as number of electrons. The atomic number rises from left to right. Periodic table beginning at peak left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). As such you can straight look because that atomic number 8 to find Oxygen on regular table.
Another means to read routine table and locate an element is by using group number (column) and duration number (row). To find Oxygen on periodic table look because that cross ar of group 16 and period 2 in the modern periodic table.
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Table of Contents
Atomic & orbital Properties
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Oxygen with various other elements
The element Oxygen was uncovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden and United Kingdom . Oxygen derived its name from the Greek native oxy-, both "sharp" and also "acid", and -gen, definition "acid-forming"
Oxygen Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us
The table below shows the variety of Oxygen in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|variety in universe||0.01|
|abundance in sun||0.009|
|variety in Meteorites||0.4|
|Abundance in Earth"s late||0.46|
|variety in oceans||0.86|
|diversity in human beings||0.61|
Crystal structure of Oxygen
The hard state framework of Oxygen is Base focused Monoclinic.
The decision structure can be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in 3 dimensional an are to type the structure.
Unit cabinet Parameters
The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which room the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The location of the atoms within the unit cell are defined by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a recommendation lattice point.
The symmetry nature of the decision are described by the ide of an are groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional room are explained by the 230 room groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are thought about distinct.
|space Group name||C12/m1|| |
|an are Group Number||12|
|Crystal structure||Base focused Monoclinic|
Oxygen Atomic and also Orbital Properties
Oxygen atoms have 8 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 6> with Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2.
|Number of electrons (with no charge)||8|
|Number that Protons||8|
|Number the Neutrons||8|
|Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)||<2, 6>|
|Valence Electrons||2s2 2p4|
|Oxidation State||-2;-1 1;2|
|Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3P2|
Shell framework of Oxygen - electron per energy level
Ground State digital Configuration the Oxygen - neutral Oxygen atomThe soil state electronic configuration that Neutral Oxygen atom is
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Unabbreviated electronic configuration the neutral Oxygen
Complete floor state digital configuration for the Oxygen atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration
1s2 2s2 2p4
Atomic structure of Oxygen
Oxygen atomic radius is 48 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 73 pm.
|atomic Radius|| |
48 afternoon (0.48 Å)
|Atomic Volume||11.1962211337 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||73 afternoon (0.73 Å)|
|valve der Waals Radius||152 pm|
|neutron Cross section||0.00028 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum that Oxygen
Oxygen chemistry Properties: Oxygen Ionization Energies and electron affinity
The electron affinity of Oxygen is 141 kJ/mol
Ionization power of Oxygen
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Oxygen
Oxygen physics Properties
Refer to listed below table because that Oxygen physics Properties
|Molar Volume||11.1962211337 cm3|
Hardness the Oxygen - test to measure of Hardness the Element
Oxygen electric Properties
Oxygen is N/A of electricity. Describe table below for the electric properties of Oxygen
Oxygen Heat and also Conduction Properties
|thermal Conductivity||0.02658 W/(m K)|
Oxygen Magnetic Properties
|mass Magnetic Susceptibility||1.335×10-6|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||4.27184×10-8|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||1.90772×10-6|
Optical properties of Oxygen
|Refractive table of contents||1.000271|
Acoustic nature of Oxygen
|speed of Sound||317.5 m/s|
Oxygen heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics
Refer come table below for thermal properties the Oxygen
|Melting allude||54.8 K (-218.3 °C)|
|Boiling point||90.2 K (-182.9 °C)|
|an essential Temperature||154.59 K|
Enthalpies that Oxygen
|warm of fusion||0.222 kJ/mol|
|heat of Vaporization||3.41 kJ/mol|
|heat of burning||N/A|
Oxygen isotopes - nuclear Properties the Oxygen
Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally occurring Oxygen has actually 3 secure isotope - 16O, 17O, 18O.
Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
|dot Hazard course||2.2|
|NFPA Fire Rating||0|
|NFPA dangers||Oxidizing Agent|
|NFPA wellness Rating||3|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||2|
perform of distinctive identifiers to find the facet in various chemical registry databases
|CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts service (CAS)||CAS7782-44-7|