The masculine reproductive mechanism is mainly located outside of the body. These exterior organs incorporate the penis, scrotum and also testicles. Internal organs include the vas deferens, prostate and urethra. The male reproductive device is responsible for sexual function, as well as urination.

Overview

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What’s the male reproductive system?

The male reproductive system consists of a team of guts that make up a man’s reproductive and also urinary system. These organs carry out the following jobs within her body:

They produce, maintain and transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and semen (the safety fluid roughly sperm).They discharge sperm into the woman reproductive tract.They produce and secrete male sex hormones.

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The male reproductive system is made up of interior (inside her body) and external (outside your body) parts. Together, this organs help you urinate (rid your body of fluid waste materials), have sexual intercourse and make children.


Function

How does the male reproductive mechanism function?

The entire male reproductive mechanism is dependent on hormones. These are chemicals that stimulate or control the activity of your cells or organs. The major hormones connected in the to work of the male reproductive mechanism are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and also testosterone.

FSH and LH are created by the pituitary gland. It’s situated at the basic of your brain and it’s responsible for many functions in your body. FSH is vital for sperm production (spermatogenesis). LH stimulates the manufacturing of testosterone, i beg your pardon is vital to proceed the procedure of spermatogenesis. Testosterone is additionally important in the advancement of masculine characteristics, consisting of muscle mass and strength, fat distribution, bone mass and sex drive.


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What space the exterior male reproductive structures?

Most the the masculine reproductive system is located outside of your abdominal muscle cavity or pelvis. The external parts of the masculine reproductive system include the penis, the scrotum and the testicles.

Penis

The penis is the male body organ for sexual intercourse. It has actually three parts:

The root: This is the part of the dick that attaches to the wall surface of her abdomen.

The opening of the urethra — the tube that transports both semen and urine out of the body — is situated at the pointer of the glans penis. The penis also contains numerous sensitive nerve endings.

Semen, which has sperm, is expelled (ejaculated) with the end of the cock when a guy reaches sexual climax (orgasm). When the dick is erect, the flow of pee is clogged from the urethra, permitting only semen to it is in ejaculated in ~ orgasm.

Scrotum

The scrotum is the loose pouch-like sac of skin the hangs behind the penis. That holds the testicles (also referred to as testes), and also many nerves and blood vessels. The scrotum protects your testes, as well as providing a kind of climate regulate system. For common sperm development, the testes have to be in ~ a temperature contempt cooler than the body temperature. Special muscles in the wall of the scrotum allow it come contract (tighten) and also relax, relocating the testicles closer come the body for warmth and also protection or farther far from the human body to cool the temperature.

Testicles (testes)

The testes space oval organs about the size of very big olives that lie in the scrotum, secured in ~ either finish by a structure dubbed the spermatic cord. Most men have actually two testes. The testes room responsible because that making testosterone, the major male sex hormone, and for producing sperm. Within the testes room coiled masses the tubes referred to as seminiferous tubules. This tubules room responsible for developing the sperm cells with a procedure called spermatogenesis.

Epididymis

The epididymis is a long, coiled tube that rests on the backside of each testicle. It carries and stores sperm cells that are produced in the testes. It’s additionally the task of the epididymis to bring the sperm to maturity — the sperm that arise from the testes space immature and also incapable the fertilization. During sexual arousal, contractions pressure the sperm into the vas deferens.

What room the internal male reproductive organs?

You have several internal organs — likewise called accessory guts — the play a huge part in the male reproductive system. This organs include:

Vas deferens: The vas deferens is a long, muscular tube that travels from the epididymis right into the pelvic cavity, to just behind the bladder. The vas deferens transports mature sperm to the urethra in ready for ejaculation.Ejaculatory ducts: these ducts are developed by the combination of the vas deferens and also the seminal vesicles. The ejaculatory ducts empty into the urethra.Urethra: The urethra is the tube that carries urine indigenous the bladder to exterior of her body. In males, it has the additional role of expelling (ejaculating) semen as soon as you reach orgasm. When the cock is erect during sex, the circulation of to pee is clogged from the urethra, permitting only semen to be ejaculated in ~ orgasm.Seminal vesicles: The seminal vesicles space sac-like pouches that connect to the vas deferens close to the base of the bladder. The seminal vesicles make a sugar-rich liquid (fructose) that gives sperm v a resource of energy and helps through the sperms’ ability to relocate (motility). The liquid of the seminal vesicles renders up many of the volume of her ejaculatory fluid, or ejaculate.Prostate gland: The prostate gland is a walnut-sized structure that’s located listed below the urinary bladder in prior of the rectum. The prostate gland contributes added fluid come the ejaculate. Prostate fluids also help to nourish the sperm. The urethra, i beg your pardon carries the ejaculate to be expelled throughout orgasm, runs v the center of the prostate gland.Bulbourethral glands: The bulbourethral glands, or Cowper’s glands, are pea-sized structures located on the political parties of the urethra, just listed below the prostate gland. These glands create a clear, slippery liquid that empties directly into the urethra. This liquid serves to lubricate the urethra and also to neutralize any acidity that may be existing due to residual drops of to pee in the urethra.

Conditions and also Disorders

Can a man go through menopause?

Menopause is a term used to define the finish of a woman's regular menstrual function. In women, this is marked by transforms in hormone production. Among the biggest alters for a mrs after menopause is that she deserve to no longer have children. The testes, unequal the ovaries, don't shed the ability to do hormones. If a male is healthy, that may be able to make sperm well into his 80s or longer.

On the other hand, subtle transforms in the function of the testes can happen as at an early stage as 45 come 50 years of age, and much more dramatically after the period of 70. For numerous men, hormone production may remain normal right into old age, while others might have declining hormone production earlier on. This can sometimes it is in a result of an illness, such as diabetes.

It’s unclear even if it is decreasing testicular function contributes come symptoms prefer fatigue, weakness, depression or impotence.


Care

Can "male menopause" it is in treated?

If her testosterone levels are low, hormone replacement treatment may aid relieve symptoms, such as the ns of interest in sex, depression and fatigue. However, replacing masculine hormones deserve to make prostate cancer worse, and may do atherosclerosis (hardening that the arteries) worse, also.

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You should receive a complete physical examination and laboratory tests must be perform before starting hormone instead of therapy. There are still many unanswered questions about how plenty of middle-aged guys could benefit from hormone replacement therapy. Talk to your health care provider around all the pros and cons of this treatment and also what the ideal option is because that you.