Diamond is 100 % Carbon, atom number 6 top top the periodic table. Gold, symbol Au is atomic number 79 and also is choose diamond, a pure substance.
You are watching: Is rust a compound or element
Rust meanwhile is ferric oxide or Fe2O3. The mineral is called Hematite. It has actually a blood red streak. That is, if you think you have some hematite, obstacle the mineral on an unglazed ceramic brick (called a streak plate) and the streak is blood red.
The aspect in diamond is carbon (symbol C). Try and find C in the periodic table. Diamonds, specifically high top quality ones, are an extremely pure carbon. Sometimes however, small amounts of carbons next-door neighbors in the periodic table, such together boron (symbol B), and also Nitrogen (symbol N) are likewise found in diamond. These tend to give diamonds various colors.
Gold is an element (symbol Au). The element symbol Au comes from the Latin word because that gold i m sorry is aurum. Pure gold is commonly only used to keep money in banks. In jewelry (which is the greatest use that gold) the gold is usually blended with some copper (symbol Cu)to provide it an ext strength.
Rust is commonly a mixture of iron (symbol Fe) oxygen (symbol O) and some hydrogen (symbol H). Many rust has actually the chemistry formula FeO2H, likewise written as FeO (OH), and also mineral surname of this material is lepidocrocite (pronounced lay-pedo-kro-kite).
First, gold is one element. The is very malleable and also ductile. Due to the fact that pure yellow is fairly soft, that is often an unified with other steels to make alloys to make it a tiny stronger. The alloys room what you commonly find in jewelry,etc.
Diamonds are comprised of the elementcarbon. Also, graphite is additionally made up of carbon. The just difference in between the two is the means that the atoms space bonded together.
Interestingly, graphite is the more stable kind of carbon, therefore diamonds will at some point turn right into graphite (diamonds aren"t yes, really forever!). However, this process takes hundreds of years.
Rust is the typical name for iron oxide, which together the surname implies, is made up of the elements iron and oxygen. The compound isFe2O3. Iron combinesquickly through oxygen, and also the procedure of turningiron come iron oxide is an example of corrosion.
You have the right to see things prefer steel rust since steel consists of iron.
The fast answer is: Diamond is a pure element, carbon; yellow is a pure element, gold; and also rust is a compound, iron Oxide, of stole andOxygen.
Diamond is pure elemental carbon, compressed come its decision form, under too much heat and pressure deep in ~ the Earth. The symbol because that carbon is C.
Gold is also an element, in and also of itself. Its prize is Au. It does no easily type compounds so the is uncovered by itself, in stream bed (placer deposits) or in veins in rocks.
Rust is a compound: steel Oxide. The is discovered all over; anywhere iron and also oxygen come in contact! Both iron and oxygen kind compounds fairly easily, so they are not readily discovered alone. (The oxygen you breath is O2, no elemental oxygen.)
Rust have the right to come in various forms, because iron (symbol Fe) generally gives up 2 or 3 electrons as soon as it develops compounds. We call these "oxidation states." once iron givesup 2 electrons, it it s okay a +2 charge, and when itgives up 3 electrons, it gets a +3 charge. To makea neutral link it need to then bond v someelement in the appropriate ratio so regarding removeits "excess" positive charge (or, change itsdeficit an adverse charge).
Oxygen (symbol O) generally takes 2 electrons as soon as bonding with steels (including hydrogen). So, for a balanced compound of iron oxide, you have either FeO or Fe2O3. Here"s what ns mean: for FeO, you have actually one Fe(+2) and one O(-2) = FeO. This link is also called Iron(II)Oxide. The is one type of rust. The charges balance favor this:(+2) + (-2) = 2 - 2 = 0.
The other kind of rust, Fe2O3, is two Fe(+3) and three O(-2), writtenFe2O3, and also calledIron(III)Oxide. The charges balance likethis:2(+3) + 3(-2) = 6 - 6 = 0.
I expect thishelps. Ideal wishes.
Diamond is a polymorph that the facet carbon (C). To give you one idea of the many uses the carbon, the macromolecules in ours bodies, consisting of DNA, proteins, sugars, and also lipids, all contain carbon. Also, the soft command in yourpencil, graphite, is likewise made up of carbon. Theelement in yellow is the course, gold (Au). The mostpure form of yellow jewelry as you probably know is24 karats meaning no other facets are presentwithin the stone. Common impurities in lowerkarat gold encompass silver (Ag), copper(Cu), andpalladium (Pd).
Rust is iron-oxide consisting of the elements iron and oxygen. as soon as water touchesan iron surface the water starts reaction withcarbon dioxide in the air and also forms carbonic acid, a weak acid. The visibility of the acid causes the iron to dissolve. at the very same time, the water starts break apart right into oxygen and also hydrogen. The oxygen from the breakdown of water reacts v the dissolved iron creating iron oxide, rust.
GOLDGold is an element, an interpretation that itconsists just of one kind of atom that cannot be chemically broken down into smaller parts. The only way to break gold down into smallercomponents would certainly be through nuclear reactions that adjust the variety of protons and also electrons, the positively and also negatively charged particles, inside the gold atoms.
The aspect gold is denoted by the prize Au in the regular Table the Elements. Gold is characterized by having actually 79 proton and, in its elemental or uncharged state, additionally has 79 electrons. In that is most common isotope, gold has actually 118 neutrons. yellow is typicallyfound in nature in very tiny quantities mixedinto a kind of rock called ore, but can also be uncovered in riverbed sediments. DIAMONDSDiamonds room composed nearly entirely the the aspect carbon, frequently with some various other impurities in them, such together nitrogen (i.e., pure diamonds are entirely carbon). The facet carbon come in three various natural forms, or allotropes: diamond,graphite, and also amorphous. Although each of theseforms is composed totally of carbon, the carbon atoms room organized and also bonded differently, developing unique properties for each.
Diamonds are formed under too much pressure and heat, 100-200 kilometers below the Earth"s surface, through bonding carbon right into a three-dimensional crystal network. Diamonds room the hardest organic substance recognized to us. Graphite different from diamonds in the thecarbon atoms room bonded into flat sheets, creatinga black, slippery substance that is among thesoftest substances recognized to man. Graphite is whatpencil lead is made out of. Amorphous carbon,otherwise well-known as soot, develops when a carbon-basedmaterial burns, or combusts, without enough oxygento transform it fully to carbon dioxide.
Carbon is characterized by having6 protons and also 6 electrons, and also usually 6 neutrons. This isotope that carbon is referred to as carbon-12, withthe number 12 referring to the atom mass, ornumber of neutrons plus protons. Carbon alsoexists in the isotope carbon-14, v 8 neutrons, however this kind is stormy (a radioactive isotope) and decays into nitrogen-14 gradually by release an electron and converting a neutron right into a proton. For much more information around carbon, see this web page: Carbon.
RUSTRust is a molecule that is created of two elements: steel (Fe, atomic number 26) and also oxygen (O, atom number 8). The chemistry formula for rust is Fe2O3,which is dubbed iron oxide, however is likewise known together ferric oxide or hematite, among other names. The word ferric refers to iron ions v a+3 charge (or with 23 electrons), whereas ferrousrefers come iron ions with a +2 fee (or with 24electrons). I think these words may have a Latinderivation, although i am not particular what theirLatin meanings or root is.
See more: What Is The End Of Your Shoelace Called ? &Ndash Indestructible Ryder™
Rust forms when the oxygen in wait or in water combines with iron, which is a significant component that steel, because that example. Each oxygen atom basically steals two electrons native the iron, creating oxygen atoms with a 2 fee (O-2 ions), while every iron atom donates 3 electrons come the oxygen, forming iron atoms with a +3 fee (Fe+3 ions, additionally known as ferric).
Since the oxygen ions are negatively charged and the stole ions space positively charged, they attract and create an ionic bond that forms rust. This kind of reaction is known as a reduction-oxidation reaction, or a red-ox reaction, wherein oxygen is stated to be decreased (hence the reduction, or decrease, in oxygens electric charge) and also the steel is stated to be oxidized by the oxygen. The chemistry equation for the formation of rust is:4(Fe) + 3(O2) =4(Fe+3) + 6(O-2) = 2(Fe2O3)