In 1877, cook Joseph officially surrendered come U.S. Troops after he and also his tribe, the Nez Perce, fought and outmaneuvered your enemies throughout a three-month-long, 1,400-mile retreat along the West in hopes of reaching Canada.

You are watching: I will fight no more forever meaning


Geronimo. Cochise. Sit Bull. Red Cloud. Crazy Horse. Cook Joseph. The end of the good Native American chiefs and also warriors who represented bravery, leadership, strength, and also military skill, cook Joseph was well-known for his heart.


On October 5, 1877, his speech, together he surrendered to general Howard, immortalized the in American background forever: 

"I am worn down of fighting. Ours chiefs space killed. Spring Glass is dead. Toohoolhoolzote is dead. The old guys are all dead. That is the young guys who say, 'Yes' or 'No.' He that led the young men is dead. It is cold, and also we have no blankets. The tiny children room freezing to death. My people, several of them, have run away to the hills, and also have no blankets, no food. No one knows wherein they room — perhaps freezing come death. I want to have actually time come look because that my children, and also see how plenty of of castle I deserve to find. Perhaps I shall uncover them among the dead. Hear me, my chiefs! ns am tired. My love is sick and also sad. From where the sun now stands I will certainly fight no more forever."


Chief Joseph never acquired to return to his homeland as was promised. Still, despite seeing his tribesmen die of condition and in ~ the hand of the white man, that never gave up gift the conscience that his people. The never gave up hope that one day, native Americans would accomplish freedom and equality. 

In 1904, chief Joseph died, according to his doctor, the a damaged heart.


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