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If you want to take a closer look in ~ the ringed planet, you would have to travel 1.2 billion kilometers, which would take about 8 years… however the lengthy journey would certainly be the the very least of her worries.Once there, you"d realize there"s no solid surface ar to floor on and descend with dangerous electric currents, deadly winds, and also unthinkable pressure.If you can somehow do it through every one of that, then a blistering warm core do of iron and also nickel awaits you in ~ the planet"s center—along v a surprise, together scientists have yet to uncover whether Saturn"s core is liquid or solid.

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Following is a transcript that the video.

Narrator: In 2017, NASA"s Cassini probe sent out us our closest see of Saturn together it dove right into the planet"s stormy atmosphere. And also the outcomes were stunning.

But what would it be choose if humans made the journey in person?

At its closest, Saturn is 1.2 exchange rate kilometers far from Earth. So v today"s spacecraft technology, you"ll need around eight year to do the trip.

Finally, friend arrive and get your first glimpse of Saturn through your very own eyes. It"s an massive planet, the second largest in the solar system. In fact, over 760 Earths deserve to fit inside.

But host up. Us can"t visit Saturn and also skip over the best part, its above rings. Saturn"s rings are virtually as large as the distance between the Earth and also the moon, for this reason at very first glance, they it seems to be ~ like simple place to land and also explore top top foot. Except there"s one problem. While castle look like large discs, they"re no a solid track at all. Instead, they"re made of millions of chunks the ice, part as tiny together dust particles, rather as big as buses.

But if you were able to hike on among Saturn"s outermost rings, you"ll walk about 12 million kilometers to make it approximately the longest one. That"s around 15 round trips from the planet to the moon. Follow me the way, you"ll come throughout tiny moons and spokes the dust levitating over the surface.

Now, friend might notification that streams the tiny ice cream particles are also flying off the rings, heading towards Saturn. That"s ring rain. It transforms out, Saturn"s magnetic fields are slowly yet surely draining away the rings, therefore we"re lucky to visit the rings now, because every 30 minutes, lock lose enough water to fill an Olympic-sized swimming pool, and if us arrived 300 million year in the future, we"d miss out on them entirely.

Now, let"s climb earlier aboard and also visit the earth itself, 282,000 kilometers away. As we with the north pole, we"ll notice a slight problem with our plan to soil on the surface below. There is no surface below. Saturn"s made practically entirely the hydrogen and also helium gas, i m sorry is why it"s called a gas giant.

4,000 kilometers above the surface, us hit Saturn"s top atmosphere. Together we plummet through the phibìc pole, we"ll be cure to the vision of a magnificent aurora, like the ones we watch in Alaska. It transforms out, Saturn"s magnetic field generates large electrical currents, which warmth up the atmosphere at the poles. Unfortunately, the electrical activity within this aurora have the right to disrupt our ship"s electronics and navigation system, so finest marvel at a distance.

Next, we"ll fight the troposphere, the component of the setting where weather happens. So clock out, powerful winds might slam into us at practically 400 meters every second. That"s over three times much faster than the strongest hurricanes top top Earth.

All roughly us, thick yellow clouds provide the planet its color. These space filled v ammonia crystals. If you take a sniff, girlfriend might be able to smell the distinctive scent, however you should more than likely keep the home window closed. Ammonia is very irritating and could wreak havoc on her respiratory system.

Plus, it"s freezing the end here, reaching as low as minus 250 levels Celsius, much cooler than the east Antarctic Plateau, the coldest place on Earth.

So let"s head down where it"s a little warmer. Under here, at a depth of 300 kilometers, we reach a layer of water, i beg your pardon is a balmy 0 degrees Celsius.

Now, the deeper we plunge, the higher the press is roughly us. And in this next layer, the push is therefore high, it pressures those liquid water molecule together, creating solid ice. That ice mixes in with neighboring gasses, so gain ready to fight with a flurry the hail.

Hopefully, the ice won"t shred our ship to pieces, but if we make the through, get ready to walk for a swim. Due to the fact that 1,000 kilometers right into the interior, the pressure is therefore high, it pressures hydrogen molecule together right into a liquid, i beg your pardon doesn"t bode well for us, due to the fact that even the sturdiest submarine would certainly be crushed in this conditions.

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And if we somehow make it through to reach the next layer, we"ll struggle yet another obstacle. A great of liquid metallic hydrogen. The difficulty here is that this metal have the right to conduct electricity, so even if our navigation equipment and electronics escape the aurora upstairs, it"s more than likely down because that the counting now.

But if we can survive here, our final stop might uncover a secret in the deepest depth of Saturn. Friend see, scientists suspect Saturn has a core made that iron and also nickel, but they"re not certain if it"s liquid, like the previous layer, or solid, like Earth"s core. So maybe we"ll it is in the lucky ones to discover out once and also for all. Though, it"s end 83,000 levels Celsius in here, hotter 보다 the surface ar of the sun and hot enough to dissolve ours spacecraft with us inside!