CarriesCrossesLocaleMaintained byTotal lengthWidthVertical clearanceAADTOpening dateToll
Lincoln Tunnel
6 lanes that NJ 495/NY 495
Hudson River
Weehawken, NJ and also Manhattan, NY
Port government of new York and new Jersey
7,482 feet (North Tube)8,216 feet (Center Tube)8,006 feet (South Tube)
21.5 feet
13 feet
December 22, 1937 (Center Tube)February 1, 1945 (North Tube)May 25, 1957 (South Tube)
$6.00 (eastbound) (E-ZPass)
Maps and also aerial photos

The Lincoln Tunnel is a 1.5-mile long tunnel under the Hudson River, connecting Weehawken, brand-new Jersey and the borough the Manhattan at West Thirty-Ninth Street in brand-new York City. Through a traffic flow of approximately 21 million vehicles annually, it is the busiest car tunnel in the world.

You are watching: How was the lincoln tunnel made

The Lincoln Tunnel developed a key linkage because that the mid-twentieth-century expansion of the inter-state metropolitan an ar centered in new York City. New York City market Fiorello LaGuardia and powerful political leader Robert Moses sustained the job both as component of a forward-thinking, regional-development plan and also as a much-needed, depression-era resource of employment.

By enabling for more car and bus traffic v its opening in 1945, the Lincoln Tunnel (along through the Holland Tunnel, opened in 1927, and the George Washington Bridge, opened in 1931) lessened area residents" exposed on commuter railroads and ferries while encouraging the use of the passenger car as a an essential factor in the vital region"s growth.


The Lincoln Tunnel to be designed through Ole Singstad, with construction of the an initial of its three tubes under the Hudson River start on may 17, 1934. Workers confronted claustrophobic and dangerous conditions, consisting of floods and also high pressures in a work-related zone as deep as 97 feet listed below the river"s surface. The Lincoln Tunnel opened up to web traffic in 1937, charging 50 cents per passenger car. The expenses of construction were about $80 million. Omero C. Catan, a salesman native Manhattan, journey the very first car v the tunnel, after waiting in line for 30 hours.

The harbor Authority of new York and brand-new Jersey comment to increasing traffic by bespeak a second tube, which remained in the initial plans. However, work-related on it was halted in 1938 and also was no resumed until 1941, as result of war-material shortages that metal. It opened on February 1, 1945, v Michael Catan, brother of the above-mentioned Omero, selected to it is in the an initial to lead the general public through the tube.

A 3rd tube to be proposed by the port Authority, yet initially opposed by the City of brand-new York, which to be attempting to convince the port Authority to assist pay for the road enhancements that the City would require to handle the added traffic. A deteriorate was operated out, and also the 3rd tunnel was finally completed in may 1957.

At the start of the twenty-first century, the port Authority reported that practically 21 million vehicles supplied the tunnel annually, making it the busiest automobile tunnel in the world.



The Lincoln Tunnel operation under the Hudson river to join brand-new Jersey to new York City in ~ Thirty-ninth Street.

The 3 tubes within the tunnel carry six traffic lanes in total. During the morning rush-hour, one website traffic lane, well-known as the XBL, is used exclusively by buses. The new Jersey method roadway, locally well-known as the Helix or "the Corkscrew," spirals in a complete circle before arriving at the toll booths in front of the tunnel portals.

The XBL is by much the busiest and most productive bus lane in the joined States. The lane operates weekday mornings in between 6:15 and also 10:00 a.m., accommodating approximately 1,700 buses and also 62,000 commuters, greatly to the port Authority Bus Terminal. The XBL carries an ext trans-Hudson commuter trips right into midtown Manhattan each day than any kind of other mode, including commuter rail into Penn Station.

The Lincoln Tunnel carries approximately 120,000 vehicles every day.

Crimes in the tunnel

Shortly ~ noon top top September 8, 1953, two equipped men, Peter Simon and also John Metcalf, attempted to rob a home in south Orange, new Jersey. The males were propelled off by the residents, one of whom report the patent plate on their vehicle to the police, who posted one alert. A patrolman, Nicholas Falabella, noticed the auto just together it passed the toy fee booth in ~ the Lincoln Tunnel and also ordered the driver to stop the vehicle.

The driver sped off into the tunnel, firing at the police. A harbor Authority policeman, Donald Lackmun, to be hit in the leg. The police commandeered a shipment truck and also gave chase, exchanging gun fire through the renegade vehicle while weaving in and also out that traffic. In all 28 shots to be fired, ten by the gunmen and 18 by the police. The automobile came come a stop around three fourths the the way through the tunnel. Simon was hit in the head.

The tunnel was targeted by terrorists come be destroyed in the summer that 1993 in the brand-new York City landmark bomb plot, however the plan was foiled. After the 2001 terrorist strikes that ruined the world Trade Center"s pair Towers, the tunnel is again presumed to it is in a feasible terror target, together its devastation would kill hundreds if not thousands of people and also cause significant economic troubles.

Route numbers

With the cancellation of the Mid-Manhattan Expressway—intended to bring Interstate 495 through brand-new York City come the majesties Midtown Tunnel and onto the long Island Expressway—the new York and brand-new Jersey departments of transport demoted the Lincoln Tunnel and also the Queens-Midtown Tunnel to state routes. In new Jersey, the freeway to be officially steeling to NJ 495 and very few signs still check out "I-495." Thirty-forth Street links the disjointed segments of I-495.

In renowned culture

In Abbott and Costello go to Mars two scenes take location in which their spaceship flies into the tunnel.In Stephen King"s publication The Stand, two of its personalities exit new York v the Lincoln Tunnel. The city is dead after a virus epidemic and the tunnel is clogged through cars and also corpses.


Port of new York Authority. Port of brand-new York Authority. Lincoln Tunnel. New Jersey Approach: new York, 1938.Tashman, Billy. The Lincoln Tunnel, Metropolis, 1992.

External links

All web links retrieved July 23, 2018.

See more: What Does The Common Phrase The Media Commonly Refer To, Media (Communication)


New people Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and also completed the Wikipedia articlein accordance with new World Encyclopedia standards. This post abides by regards to the an imaginative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 license (CC-by-sa), which may be used and also disseminated with ideal attribution. Credit transaction is due under the regards to this license that can reference both the new World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. To cite this post click right here for a list of agree citing formats.The history of earlier contributions through wikipedians is obtainable to researchers here:

The history of this post since it was imported to new World Encyclopedia:

Note: Some constraints may use to use of individual pictures which are separately licensed.