There is simply one solitary present it is too dirty inFrench, unlike in English where the present tense has two differentforms, thepresent basic and the present progressive, The existing Tense inFrench, le temps présent,is provided to express both momentary action and progressive action. In therare cases where ambiguity might be possible, French needs more thanjust a tense change to clarification the comprise meaning.Thus the hypothetical English sentence: "I drink wine, however I"m notdrinking wine" , i beg your pardon is understandable if unlikely,would become in French: "Je bois le vin mais je nebois pas de vin," i beg your pardon is confusing come saythe least.

You are watching: How to say present in french

The existing tense-le temps présent

Thisisused because that expressing all forms of activity taking ar in existing time.
►It is theonly tensefor expressing current time.► In order to distinguish in between momentary and also progressive aspects ofa present action (as, in English, between I eat and I am eating) Frenchuses various other devices. Seebelow.►Being the most usual tense in day-to-day language, thepresent tenseis likewise the tense wherein there are many irregularities.Thepresent tense of 12 an essential French verbsVerbPresenttense
êtrejesuis, tu es, il est, nous sommes, vousêtes,ils sont
avoirj"ai,tu as, il a, nous avons, vous avez, ils ont
pouvoirjepeux (orje puis), tu peux ilpeut, nouspouvons, vous pouvez, ils peuvent
devoirje dois, tu dois, il doit, nous devons, vous devezils doivent
porter(regularverbs in -ir)jeporte, tu portes, il porte, nous portons, vousportez, ils portent
finir(regularverbs in -ir)jefinis, tu finis, ilfinit,nous finissons, vous finissez, ils finissent.
vendre(regular verbs in -re)jevends, tu vends, il vend, nousvendons, vous vendez ils vendent
allerjevais, tu vas,il va, nousallons, vous allez, ils vont
boirejebois, tu bois, il boit, nousbuvons, vous buvez, ils boivent
savoirjesais, tu sais, il sait, nous savons,vous savez, ils savent
venirjeviens, tu viens, ilvient, nousvenons, vous venez, ils viennent.
voirjevois, tu vois, il voit, nous voyons, vous voyez, ilsvoient
Note: third person pronounsare: Singular:il or elle or ce; Pluralils or elles
Examples:He likes wine yet doesn"t drinkchampagne.-Ilaime le vin mais ne boit pas de champagne.The auto is make a weird noise.Lavoiture fait un bruit étrange.WhenI"m eat snails, i think of FranceQuand je mange des escargots, je pense à la France
In order to stressthat an activity is progressive(i.e. Ongoing), no instantaneous, French provides expressions fairly thana details verb tense.The most common means of stressing progressive facet is to usetheverb phrase "êtreen train de" (litterally "to it is in in the procedure of").So to tension the progressive element that is conveyed v tenseusage in the English expression "He"sswimming versus the current", a French speaker will certainly say : "Ilnage contre le courant", or "Ilest en train de nager contre le courant".Another different is to include an adverb of duration, such as "actuellement"(meaning "currently"),which will certainly give:"Il nage actuellement contrele courant".However,there is oftenno needtostress the progressive facet of a statement; many often, the contextwill be sufficiently explicit, therefore the aspect of the verb does no needto it is in indicated. Besides, part verbs such together vivre and savoirare by an interpretation progressive. Even in English, we perform not must say "I to be knowing".

See more: 1/2 Cup Sour Cream In Oz - Measurement Conversion Charts

Moreexamples:I live in Paris - Je passport à ParisAt present I"m life in Paris -Actuellementje vis à ParisI"m creating a fairly long record -Jesuis en traind"écrire une dissertation assez longue.Right now I"m drinking cider -Actuellementje suis en train de boire du cidre.It"s break up ~ above the rocks - Ilest en train de se brisersur les rochers.We"re having dinner - Noussommesen train de déjeuner / Nousdéjeunons en ce moment
One instance inwhich French uses a existing tense wherein English does not is in timeclauses making use of "depuis"(or synonyms) in the sense of "for"or "since" inrelation to current timeWhile English offers a current perfect: I"ve been here for two hrs / He"s to be drivinghere due to the fact that breakfastFrench provides "depuis" and also a presenttense Je suis ici depuisdeux heures / Il conduitdepuis le petitdéjeuner.(In relationship to past time,structures through depuisuse a selection of past tenses, depending upon the context: instances : Iltravaillait depuis trois jours, quand il est tombé malade Il n"a pas vu son frère depuis 35 ans.
Moreexamples:We"ve been below for a week -Nous sommes ici depuis unesemaine.I"ve live in new York since 1980 - Jevis à new York depuis 1980.There haven"t been any kind of mice due to the fact that webought a cat - Il n"y a to add desouris depuis que nous avonsacheté un chat.I haven"t felt well due to the fact that Iate the sausage - Je ne me sens pasbien depuis que j"aimangé cette saucisse. (Note the it is theverb in the main clause that is in the existing tense, notthe verb in the low grade clause.)
►Other tenses: Expressingthe future past tenses Subjunctivetenses
Returnto French grammar pages : indexFullsite indexEssentialFrench words and phrases because that travellers

EssentialFrench wordsand phrases for travellers 25 essential words and25 an important phrases
The razzmatazz of the tour de France

Studying thegrammar that aforeign language is harder for those who are unfamiliar withthe grammar of your ownlanguage... Examine out the brand-new acclaimed Descriptive Grammar the Englishfrom Amazon

European dataprotection notice. does no collect any kind of data fromusers. We use cookies solely for audience statistics and to enablesocial media and also a couple of advertisements. To remove this message, click orget moredetails