The an initial thing the baffles everyone who’s ever before picked increase a an easy list of Russian words, is exactly how to say “hello” in Russian…
Здравствуйте – zdravstvuyte
How deserve to something so basic, have actually four consonants adhering to each other?
It’s choose the language version of military training. It’s supposed to test her willpower, reserve, endurance, and only enable those who really want to complete the program. And also it’s just the start!
The regimen here, that course, method learning how to speak Russian.
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If you have the right to make peace with the fact that the answer come a straightforward question, ‘how do you speak “hello” in Russian?’, no as simple as you’d suppose it come be, you’ve passed the very first trial.
But because that those that aren’t ready yet, the a an excellent idea to look right into 15 different Russian greetings.
Curious? Let’s discover out what these an easy Russian paragraph are!
The Merriam Webster dictionary defines a greeting together a salutation at meeting. Similar to in English, you can say the following Russian greetings at any time you satisfy a Russian person.
Be aware: the Russian language has actually a high level that politeness. So part greetings are much better used for her close friends, wherein others room only an excellent in details (formal) situations.
Don’t problem though. ~ every greeting i’ll quickly comment on what it method (literal definition & English equivalent) and in which instances you can use it.
1. “Hi” in Russian – Привет (privyet)
After trying to pronounce the tongue twister здравствуйте, you’d do much better and switch to this simple way of saying “hi” in Russian. It’s basic to say and also chances space you’ll get it appropriate on your very first or 2nd try.
Even despite it’s officially taken into consideration an informal method of speak hello, you can gain away with in numerous cases. Because that example, saying “hi” to friends, family, or also casual acquaintances. If she unsure though, i recommend you just say it come those the you’d otherwise deal with with the unshened “you” (ты).
*The great thing about being a foreigner in Russia, is that you have much more leeway with acquiring the formality (or anything, really) right. As civilization know it’s no your aboriginal language, they’re quick to forgive little mistakes. *
When i’m in Russia, I basically make привет mine default greeting. Uneven I’m in the following situations:Officials such as police, customizeds officers or security guardsElderly peopleAnyone who doing their project (waiters, store clerks, taxi drivers, etc.)Or if ns in a larger group and also am unsure what the formality level is
In any kind of of those cases, you’re much better of doing some mouth gymnastics and saying….
2. “Hello” in Russian – Здравствуйте (zdravstvuyte)
Look, the first thing the you absolutely must know prior to even trying to express this greeting is that *virtually every Russian person skips the very first ‘в’ and softens the ‘c’ to much more of a ‘z’ sound. *So rather of four consonants, you in reality only need to pronounce three.
This provides it a lot less complicated (still not simple though!).
Try saying it: Zdraztvuytye
How did that go? Better, right? Good. Nothing worry around perfect pronunciation in ~ this point. Simply know that it will get better over time, as you boost your ability to say multiple consonants appropriate after each other.
As far as the usage is concerned, the a good greeting to use in every instance where you’d otherwise usage the formal “you” (Вы) in Russian.
Здравствуйте is the officially command the the verb здравствовать – which method “to live long”. So once you speak здравствуйте, girlfriend command them to live well and long. With time the meaning has switched to only hello, but it’s quite to recognize where it comes from as couple of foreigners will understand this.
Still uncover it tough to pronounce? climate you’ll love the next greeting.
3. Casual “Hello” in Russian – Здрасте (Zdraste)
Sometimes I get the feeling that also Russians find здравствуйте a tiny over the top and also too lengthy for a continuous greeting.
That’s why you’ll frequently hear the shortened variation of it: Здрасте.
If you’d repeat Здравствуйте 20 time as quick as you can, you quickly notification that girlfriend drop the вы in the middle of it. And also you’re left with an even much shorter (and means easier on the tongue) means of saying “hello”.
As much as the usage and also formality is concerned, I’d to speak it’s what in between здравствуйте and also привет. You regularly hear this greeting once someone states “hi” come a little group of world (five or so), and still wants to say hello to every individual.
4. A more Affectionate “Hi” in Russian – Приветик (privyetik)
If did you do it been discovering Russian because that a while, you’ll understand that you can ‘cutify’ almost every indigenous by adding a suffix. One of them is “ик”, and it works well to include to привет. You deserve to hear children saying this, or sometimes an adult come kids.
I don’t yes, really recommend foreigners to use this mini version of привет, since it’s difficult to obtain its usage right. Saying it to adults can gain you part weird looks. So if you’re walking the informal route, simply stick to the tried and true привет.
5. A Russified “Hello” – Алло / Алё / Элло (Allo / Alyo / Ello)
This one do not do it come together a surprise, as I’m certain you’ve heard Russians speak English before, right? You just take the English “hello” and also say it with a Russian accent.
If you try to say this together a foreigner, 80% possibility it will certainly look as if she making funny of the Russian accent.
So nothing say this.
6. “Hey” in Russian – Здорого (Zdorovo)
This is another trap in the land of Russian greetings (don’t worry, we’ll obtain to more safe words beginning in a moment). As soon as pronouncing this not blocked greeting, be certain to put the tension on the second o. Once the stress is top top the very first o, it method “nice” or “well done”. So save this in psychic to avoid weird situations, wherein someone tells you “nice, an excellent job”, and you answer by saying “hi”.
7. “Good Morning” in Russian – Доброе утро (dobroye utro)
We’re back in safe territory. “Good morning” in Russian literally method “kind morning”. The Russian word for morning (утро), is neuter gender, therefore the adjective should also be in the neuter form.
It’s straightforward to identify this, as every word that ends in “е” or “о” is neuter. And the adjective take away these two letters to kind the ending. If you want to learn more about this, you can inspect out this guide to Russian noun genders. Together “good day” and also “good evening” likewise follow this adjective add to noun combination.
As you’d expect, you deserve to say доброе утро, every time once it’s morning, or when you just woke up.Russian society tip: if you a guy, then it’s practice to shake hand in the morning with various other guys. Therefore remember this if you’re remaining over at someone"s place.Russian culture tip 2: never ever before shake hands over a doorway. This is considered a poor omen in Russia.
8. “Good Day” in Russian – Добрый день (dobriy den)
Again, this literally method “kind day”. You can say this about from 12pm till 6pm. The word for day (день) is masculine, so the adjective need to follow suit.
9. “Good evening” in Russian – Добрый вечер (dobriy vecher)
Nothing new here. That literally way “kind evening”. You have the right to use it after 6pm.
10. “Goodnight” in Russian – Доброй ночи (dobroy nochi)
I was doubting whether to include this here, together it’s no really a Russian greeting. Similar to in English, “goodnight” in Russian is much more often used to great someone a great night that sleep. Even if you’d fulfill someone late at night, you’re much better off saying добрый вечер (“good evening”).
Also notification that Доброй ночи, is no in the nominative case, just like the previous three greetings. This is since often when you’re wishing something to someone, you placed the thing you great in the slate case.
11. “Welcome” in Russian – Добро пожаловать (dobro pozhalovat’)
If you’ve ever before been to Russia, you’ve seen this every time you get in a city, an ar or village. That a formal method of saying “welcome”, but you deserve to use it in any informal situation as well. Literally, it method something follow me the present of “kind staying”. For this reason you great someone a sort stay, you have the right to say these words.
12. “Welcome” (After a long Journey)- С приездом (S priyezdom)
You most likely don’t need to say this, yet do expect to hear it claimed to you. Even though it’s ideal translated as “welcome”, it’s literally a type of congratulations and method “
13. “Welcome” (After a Flight) – С прилётом (S prilyotom)
This expression is the same as “С приездом”, but it’s supplied if you come by plane, as прилёт method flight arrival.
14. Military “Hello” in Russian – Здравия желаю (Zdraviya zhelayu)
This is the military means of speak “hello” in Russian. You won’t should say this together a foreigner, yet it’s an excellent to know. If you know someone really well, you might even speak it together a joke to them.
See more: What Is Last Night One Word Or Two, Is Last Night One Word Or Two
15. “Hello” (After a long Absence) – Сколько лет, сколько зим! (Skol’ko let, skol’ko zim!)
This greeting is most likely the last one that a Russian human would suppose from a foreigner. If friend haven’t viewed someone because that a really long time, you deserve to say “how countless summers, how countless winters”, to denote how many years it has due to the fact that you’ve last seen each other.
As you can probably tell, this is an informal greeting!
What’s her Favourite Russian Greeting?
So how around you? have you travel to Russia before and noticed some details greetings not on this list?