Tiger physical Characteristics


Tigers space the biggest cats in the world. However, the dimension of each certain subspecies depends on several components like habitat, climate, food, prey and also so on.

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Tigers have actually a body style that permits them to relocate along gracefully. Castle are likewise incredibly quick when it comes to hunting their food or gaining themselves out of the means of danger. A full grown tiger have the right to be up to 11 feet in length and weigh as lot as 670 pounds. They have actually a an extremely muscular build too which help them to take under prey the is many varieties heavier 보다 they are. The females are smaller sized than the males for all of the different types of tigers, i m sorry is an indicator of sexual dimorphism in this species.


Tigers room vertebrates; this means that they have actually a backbone that supports their body and also starts in ~ the skull and also ends at the pointer of the tail, acting as a flexible central support because that the rib cage and limbs. The skeleton is written of bones, therefore, enclosed by joints. In the end, an ext than 200 bones construct an energetic and flexible structure that permits the performance of an ext than 600 muscles.

They have a huge skull v a rounded form and powerful jaws. In fact, the reduced jaw is almost straight. They have seven vertebrae in the neck, 7 lumbar vertebrae, 13 thoracic vertebrae and also three sacral vertebrae. That is clavicle is small, i beg your pardon favors the execution of bigger movements.

Each bone in the back of a tiger plays critical role when moving and even in your behavior. For example, when an individual opens their jaws come growl, wag your tails, or crouches in wait for the ideal minute to jump, specific sets of muscles pull at several details bones. The totality skeleton constitutes around 20 percent that the total weight of a tiger.


External anatomy of an adult tiger.

A unique COAT

They have a broad, quick head over a quite thick neck. Despite being rather robust, castle are significantly agile once hunting and also have no problem swimming or climbing.

The most striking external characteristic the tigers, in enhancement to his huge fangs, is probably its beautiful orange or gold fur through dark vertical stripes. This sample of stripes, noticeable in their coat, is unique in each specimen, and the lift coloration varies according to the subspecies, the is, it may be lighter or darker orange, and the stripes might appear more comprehensive or narrower. For example, tigers situated in southeast Asia tend to show an ext streaks than various other tigers. Also, they have a white circle behind the ears, i beg your pardon are thought to work-related as facets to express aggression or as fake eyes to predators.

Their strip pattern is comparable to the method our fingerprints renders each one of us unique; This is exactly how researchers can identify them throughout observation in a organic habitat setting.

The means how their stripes space in the coat despite serves a function that is fine beyond simple identification. It is the way in which lock can effectively camouflage in the wild indigenous predators, and it is likewise one of the most beneficial tools they have actually for sneaking increase on prey.


Not all Tigers have actually a lift orange color, for example, the white many tigers that function black stripes and also blue eyes room the result of a gene mutation in the coloring, and also it rarely occurs in the wild. However, because of their popularity, they are deliberately bred in part zoos.

The existence of white tigers suggests the absence of a recessive gene that provides them a coat of very clear or nearly whitish background, often taken into consideration white. The White tigers room not albino due to the fact that they retain your dark stripes and their eyes present a blue color and not pink or red, as would certainly be expected in one albino specimen.


The tail, which measures about 1 meter in length, is slightly thick v fringes. Its role is to maintain the balance the the body, particularly when an individual transforms abruptly. The eyes contain a circular pupil, and also the iris is yellow other than for the white specimens. Countless papillae sheathe the tongue, resulting in a unstable texture come the touch.

Both the legs and the shoulder regions of many tigers are extremely muscular and also powerful, which provides them the capacity to subdue various varieties of food instantly. They additionally have paws which assist them to climb and also to grasp things being the ones of males bigger than those the the females.

Interestingly, they have the hind legs longer than the front legs which also aid to boost the jumping ability. In the latter they have actually long retractable claws attached come the five fingers; The ago legs only have four fingers. The four legs have pads comparable to those of domestic cats, which permit them come stalk their food silently. White tigers have pink pads.

Their claws are extremely sharp. From the 5 claws they have actually on every front foot, the an initial one never ever touches the ground. Each of this claws has actually a cover so that they don’t gain exposed and worn out when they don’t need to use them. They sometimes scratch their claws against the trees probably to save them sharp.

They have heterodont dentition where the lengthy canines of 2.5 to 3 customs in length stand out. They have actually pressure-sensitive nerves which are right to offer the deadly bite in the vertebrae of your prey. In total, their mouth has actually 30 dentist pieces.


Denture of an adult tiger.


HearingThe ear is the sharpest and also best-developed feeling of Tigers and also plays crucial part during their hunting activities. In general, cats have better capabilities than humans to consciousness acute sounds, approximately 60 kHz. Tigers have a maximum sensitivity the 300-500 Hz and also can listen infrasounds the a person have the right to not listen.

SightAnother far-reaching advantage of tigers is their eyesight. They have the right to see just and also humans throughout the day. However, in ~ night their volume is 6 times better than our making much easier to lock sneak up on your prey.

Their vision is binocular due to the fact that of the position of the eye on every side the the head. This feature facilitates the calculation of ranges to their prey. Castle have much more rod cells than cone cells; This way that your vision in the dark is excellent and also useful for detecting movements. Like other animals, it has actually behind the retina a structure dubbed tapetum lucidum the amplifies light signals and also consequently improves the night vision.

SmellIn comparison to the ear, their feeling of smell is not an extremely sharp, so the does no play a significant role in hunting. However, it is useful for detecting odorous indicators from other tigers. They have actually a modest quantity of olfactory cell in the nose and an olfactory pear in the brain.

TasteWithin their dental cavity, they have only a couple of hundred taste sprout that are few compared come the thousands existing in the tongue the a human, however some think the they have the right to perceive salty, acid and also bitter flavors. It is not sure that they deserve to taste sweet flavors.

TouchRegarding their sense of touch, the skin or the vibrissae, frequently called whiskers, space the means to awareness it. Every Tigers have actually five varieties of vibrissae v sensory nerves come orient themselves, recognize dangers and also attack. Also, the confront has perceptible neurons the detect alters in air press when things pass.


Tigers of the World: The Science, Politics and Conservation the Panthera tigris. Ronald Tilson, Philip J. Nyhus. Academic Press, 2009.

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Bones the the Tiger: Protecting the Man-Eaters of Nepal. Hemanta Mishra. Rowman & Littlefield.