Soccer, or football as it"s known external of north America, is the most well-known sport in the world. So, how is it played, that plays it and many an ext questions are answered best here.

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What is soccer?

Soccer is a team sport played by a team of 11 players against another team of 11 football player on a field.

The team has actually one designated goalkeeper and also 10 outfield players. Outfield players space usually specialty in attack or defending or both. A team is typically split into defenders, midfielders and also forwards, though over there is no limit on players moving everywhere on the pitch.

It is well-known as soccer in north America, but is called football in most of the rest of the world. Its complete name is association Football.

What walk a soccer sphere look like?

A soccer ball is round, and also must measure between 27-28" in circumference and weigh in between 14 and also 16oz.

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How many countries play soccer?

Soccer is the world"s most famous sport, play by over 250 million world in much more than 200 countries. It is specifically popular in Europe, main and southern America, and also Africa, though has a farming influence in north America and Asia.

What go a football pitch watch like?

The video game is played on a rectangle-shaped field referred to as a pitch v a goal at either end. The dimension of the pitch for global adult category matches deserve to be between 110-120 yards long and 70-80 yards wide.

The lines at either end of the key are called the goal lines, the currently perpendicular come the score lines are referred to as the touchlines.

The playing surface is typically grass. Synthetic surfaces are very rarely offered at professional level.

What is the aim of soccer?

The object of the video game is to move the round up the pitch and beyond the goal heat of her opponent"s goal. A standard video game lasts 90 minutes, separation into 2 halves that 45 minutes.

The goal has two upright posts and also a horizontal bar connecting them well-known as the crossbar and is inserted in the middle of the score line. Because that competitive games, a network is associated to the posts and also crossbar to protect against the round after it has crossed the score line.

Any of a team"s 11 football player on the pitch deserve to score a goal, which to add one come the team"s total. The team additionally get a goal if an enemy sends the ball into their own goal through mistake.

The team that scores the most goals in the 90 minute wins the game.

Regular season games end at 90 minutes, also if the scoreline is level.

In domestic cup competitions and the knockout stages of global club and national team competitions, an additional 30 minutes - recognized as extra-time - is played, break-up into two halves the 15 minutes.

If the scores room still level after ~ extra-time, a penalty shootout takes place. Here, 5 players from every team take transforms to score. If the scores are still level after ~ that, the team"s continuing to be players step up for sudden fatality until there is a winner.

Does soccer have post-season play-offs?

Most domestic soccer leagues carry out not have a post-season play-off round prefer the significant sports in the joined States and also Canada. The team the finishes in ~ the top of the table after the end of the season is usually crowned champion after every team has actually played each other at home and also away (on the road).

Most organization competitions give winning groups three points. A tie - or a draw - earns both sides one point. Shedding teams receive no points.

Some domestic leagues carry out use playoffs to decide which teams are demoted - or relegated - indigenous a league, such as the in Germany. The English Premier League has actually a play-off to decision which team is promoted to the top trip from the 2nd division.

What room the rules of soccer?

The sport has 17 rules known as the legislations of the Game, which to be laid down and are administer by the worldwide Football Association board (IFAB). The laws are draft to it is in universal, yet slight adjustments are made come take right into account components such as age, gender and disabilities.

What is a foul in soccer?

In the team the 11 players, 10 are well-known as "outfield" players, and are forbidden by the regulations of the video game from poignant the round with their hands or arms. Just the team"s goalkeeper is enabled to use their hands, and only inside their penalty area. If the goalkeeper leaves the punish area, they space subject to the very same rules as the outfield players.

Handling the ball deliberately, tripping one opponent, and pushing an adversary are punished one of two people by a straight free-kick - an interpretation the attacking team have the right to attempt to score automatically when the referee signals because that play to proceed - the is taken indigenous the place where the foul emerged or a penalty if the infringement occurs within the penalty crate of the fouling player"s team.

Other fouls space punished by one indirect free-kick, which method at least one other member of the attack team must touch the ball prior to a goal can be scored.

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What is a penalty kick in soccer?

The punish area is likewise referred to as the 18-yard box. The goalkeeper can only usage their hand to touch the round inside their very own penalty area. Any kind of defending player who breaks a law of the game - commits a foul, together it is known - inside the punish area, offers the the opposite a punish kick.

A punish sees the ball inserted on the penalty spot 12 yards from the center of the goal. Any type of player, consisting of the goalkeeper, have the right to take the punish while the opposing goalkeeper tries to prevent the round going right into the goal. Just the taker and the defending goalkeeper are allowed inside the penalty area.

What happens as soon as the round goes out of beat in soccer?

If the round crosses the score line however does not go into the goal, and also was last touched by a player native the defending team, a corner kick is awarded to the attacking team and also is taken native the edge of the key nearest to where the sphere left the playing area. If one attacker critical touched the ball, a goal-kick is awarded v the ball placed on the sheet of the six-yard box (the smaller sized rectangle within the penalty area) and also must it is in kicked by the defending team, traditionally through the goalkeeper.

If the sphere crosses the touchline, a throw-in is awarded to the team i m sorry did no touch the sphere last. This is the only time outfield football player are allowed to touch the round with their hands. They must return the ball into play if holding it through both hands and also with both feet top top the ground. Fail to perform so results in a foul throw, an interpretation the other team are offered the throw.

What do soccer football player wear?

The goalkeeper should be designated before the start of the game, and also wears a different colour shirt, shorts and also socks to your teammates. All outfield players on the very same team stay the exact same shirt, shorts and socks, known collectively as a strip.

All players wear boots which have studs or cleats to boost grip top top the pitch.

Headgear is not a forced piece of an easy equipment v all players commonly wearing only shin guards and also no other kind of security padding. Goalkeepers wear specifically designed gloves in stimulate to boost their fixed on the ball.

What go a football referee do?

A referee is appointed prior to each game and enforces the legislations of the Game. They have two assistant referees - one put on the touchlines on opposite political parties of the pitch and also in the contrary halves. A fourth official is present for expert games.

The referee deserve to punish foul play by awarding a free-kick versus the team the the offending player. If the foul occurs in the punish area, a penalty kick is provided to the attack team. If the attacking team commits a foul in the punish area, a free-kick is offered to the defending team.

The referee signals to players utilizing a whistle, and also is the only main inside the play area.

What walk a yellow card and a red card typical in soccer?

There is no border on how many fouls a player can make together in basketball, no one is there a penalty box as in ice hockey.

If a player commits what the referee thinks is a major infringement, the referee can display the player a yellow or red card. A yellow card is a warning well-known as a booking, and if the exact same player commits a offence that the referee think deserves a second yellow card, that player is also shown a red card.

If a player is presented a red card, they must leave the key immediately. A player deserve to be shown a red map without having very first been displayed a yellow map if the referee think the preeminence infringement was major enough.

If a goalkeeper is sent off, a instead of goalkeeper have the right to be sent out on to change them, but an outfield player have to be taken turn off as component of the exchange so the the team plays with 10 players.

A team can have up to 4 players sent off and also still end up the match. However, referees are instructed to protect against matches prematurely if a team is diminished to fewer than seven players.

What is VAR?

In recent seasons, referees have been helped additional by video Assistant Referees (VAR). Previously, tv replays were not used to assist referees make a decision. Now, the referee has one or 2 colleagues, typically away native the stadium, who review four certain situations: instances of mistaken identification for yellow/red cards, potential infringements in the build-up to a goal (fouls or offside), direct red map decisions, and penalty decisions.

Goalline modern technology is also used come tell referees if the ball has crossed the goal line. The totality of the ball must more than the score line for a score to be awarded.

How plenty of substitutes can be supplied in soccer?

Typically for a skilled game, 7 substitutes, usually including one goalkeeper, are called at the begin of the complement on what is called the bench. Competition rules will certainly specify specifically how plenty of players outside the starting 11 can be called in the matchday squad.

However, just three substitutions are enabled to be supplied inside the 90-minute term of the match, nevertheless of injuries. If a video game goes come extra-time, many competitions now allow a 4th substitute to be made.

Players space usually replaced since of injury, tiredness, or a readjust in tactics.

Who controls soccer?

Football is governed in ~ a global level by FIFA, the worldwide Federation of football Associations, based in Switzerland. It has six regional confederations attached to it: the Union of european Football Associations (UEFA), the Confederation of african Football (CAF), the asian Football Confederation (AFC), the Confederation that North, central American and Caribbean combination Football (CONCACAF), the Oceania football Confederation (OFC), and also the south American football Confederation (CONMEBOL).

Each nation has their own national football association, such together the English Football association in England, known as the FA, or united state Soccer in the USA.

Each national association organises competitions between clubs linked with them. The many renowned space the "top five" european leagues: the German, the English Premier League, La Liga in Spain, Italy"s Serie A, and Ligue 1 in France.

Each local confederation organises competitions between clubs and additionally national teams. The most well known and rewarding club vain in the world is the UEFA champions League. The is organized annually and also features the European teams that have actually finished highest in your respective nationwide leagues. UEFA additionally organise the UEFA EURO, a european championship held every four years, which attributes national groups that have won through in the qualifying process.

What is the soccer people Cup?

FIFA organise the civilization Cup every four years, 2 years after/before the Olympic Games and also UEFA"s EUROs. It is open to national teams from around the planet. It has most recently been contested between 32 finalists, though that number will increase to 48 for the 2026 competition come be held in the USA, Canada and also Mexico.

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The human being Cup is the single-most watched sporting event on the planet. The 2006 competition in Germany delighted in cumulative viewing numbers of end 26 billion, if in overfill of 715 million - one 9th of the planet"s populace - watched Italy win France in the final at Berlin"s Olympiastadion.