"I did not attend his funeral, yet I sent a nice letter saying ns approved of it."

As this quote, and many more, attest, mark Twain has actually truly earned his place as the "Grandfather that American Wit," as heritage calls him. Twain, the pen surname for Samuel Langhorne Clemens, to be born in 1835 in Florida, Missouri (a actual place, yes), and made a reputation for himself together a humorist, novelist, essayist, and also overall top-tier conversationalist to invite to a party. Ernest Hemingway, as Britannica states, dubbed him "sole, incomparable, the Lincoln of ours literature," and also William Faulkner referred to as him the "father of American Literature," per Books Tell you Why.

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Here"s a sampling of some more of Twain"s zingers:

"Honesty is the ideal policy — once there is money in it."

"Familiarity breeds contempt — and also children."

"Be respectful to her superiors, if you have any."

Twain has been embraced as an American symbol in the more than 100 years since his fatality in 1910. Novels such together The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn represent totality reams of world not otherwise viewed in the pristine ranks of the literati: grifters, underhanded politicians, cheat aristocrats, world-wise slaves, and also a totality sampling that Americana, wholesome or otherwise. Two basically designed himself as a public figure, and also both he and also his irreverence infiltrated social circles, indigenous Nikolai Tesla to abolitionists to suffragettes. Twain did have a exclusive life, however, and also it centered about his mam Olivia ("Livy") and their children.


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Sam (we"ll speak to him through his real name) and Livy"s marriage was, by all accounts, remarkable, and lasted till Livy"s fatality in 1904, after i m sorry Sam merely couldn"t bring on. She was the editor that his work and the holder the the legal rights for numerous of his books, to protect against money gaining seized by creditors (Twain wasn"t too an excellent with money, and also eventually filed for bankruptcy and moved to Europe). Together cited by Smithsonian Magazine, Sam stated of Livy, "Wheresoever she was, there to be Eden."


This was probably a great thing, due to the fact that much rather of their house life to be marred by catastrophic circumstances. They had actually four kids in all: one son and three girls. Their son, Langdon, was born premature birth in 1870, and passed far after only 19 months from diphtheria, a respiratory tract illness. 

In 1872 the Clemens had actually their first daughter, Olivia Susan Clemens, named after she mother and also dubbed "Susy" from a young age. Livy homeschooled the apparently precocious and also witty son herself. As a teenager, Susy was susceptible to depression; as note Twain home states, she dropped out of college likely due to the fact that she couldn"t cope with being away from home. In 1895, Sam had to go on a global speaking tour to do money come compensate because that a failed invest in the Paige typesetting machine. While he and Livy were both away, Susy arisen spinal meningitis and also passed away prior to either parent can make that home. She to be 24.


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Sam and Livy"s 2nd daughter, Clara Langdon Clemens, to be born 2 years ~ Susy, in 1874. By every accounts, Clara was much more adventurous 보다 her sister and also tended to obtain into accidents. She traveled through her mother and also father ~ above Sam"s human being tours, and developed a reputation together a concert pianist. She wanted to do a name for herself away from her famed father, however had to it is in the family members glue maintaining everyone together, particularly once Livy began experiencing health troubles.


Once she obtained a little bit older, Clara cycled between concert tours and also heading ago home to help manage the household. The end of the entire family, she passed far the oldest, in ~ 88, in southern California in 1962. Follow me the way, she married a Russian pianist, Ossip Gabrilowitsch, had actually one daughter, Nina, and also spent time fundraising for her father"s historic sites.

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The Clemens" final child, jane Lampton Clemens (nicknamed "Jean"), to be born in 1880, and also was basically raised by both Livy and also her enlarge sister, Clara. Jean love the outdoors, animals, and also horseback riding. One more victim of catastrophic circumstances, Jean was diagnosed through epilepsy 5 months before her mommy passed away, after i beg your pardon the family essentially crumbled little by bit. Prior to then, she traveled with everyone ~ above Sam"s tours, however was continuous in and out the the hospital. In 1909, in ~ the age of 29, she passed away from a heart strike resulting from a seizure.