Scientists blog from Antarctica and provide a glimpse the what it"s prefer to perform research in the field. Review their blog ...

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Icelights: answer to your burning questions around ice and climate

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What"s warm in the news approximately climate and sea ice and also what are scientists talking about now? check out more...


What is the Cryosphere?

When researchers talk about the cryosphere, they mean the locations on planet where water is in its solid form, frozen into ice or snow. Read more ...


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Once eye crystals form in the atmosphere, they flourish by taking in surrounding water droplets. The snowflakes we end up see on the ground are an buildup of these ice crystals. This intensified image of eye crystals was captured by a low-temperature scanning electron microscope (SEM). The pseudo colors commonly found in SEM pictures are computer system generated, and also in this instance highlight the different flake formations.—Credit: agricultural Research Service, United says Department that Agriculture


Whether winter storms develop snow relies heavily on temperature, yet not necessarily the temperature us feel below on the ground. Snow develops when the atmospheric temperature is in ~ or below freezing (0 degrees Celsius or 32 degrees Fahrenheit) and there is a minimum lot of moisture in the air. If the floor temperature is at or listed below freezing, the snow will reach the ground. However, the snow have the right to still with the ground as soon as the soil temperature is above freezing if the conditions are just right. In this case, snowflakes will start to melt as they reach this higher temperature layer; the melting creates evaporative cooling i beg your pardon cools the air immediately around the snowflake. This cooling retards melting. As a general rule, though, snow will certainly not type if the floor temperature is at the very least 5 levels Celsius (41 levels Fahrenheit).

While it can be too warm to snow, it cannot be also cold come snow. Snow can occur also at incredibly low temperature as long as over there is some source of moisture and some means to lift or cool the air. The is true, however, that most heavy snowfalls take place when there is reasonably warm air near the ground—typically -9 degrees Celsius (15 degrees Fahrenheit) or warmer—since warmer air can hold an ext water vapor.

Because snow formation requires moisture, an extremely cold but an extremely dry locations may rarely receive snow. Antarctica"s dried Valleys, because that instance, kind the largest ice-free section of the continent. The dry Valleys are quite cold yet have an extremely low humidity, and solid winds aid wick any remaining moisture from the air. As a result, this very cold region receives little snow.

Snow ~ above the ground

The personality of the snow surface ar after a snowfall relies on the original type of the crystals and on the weather problems present once the snow fell. Because that example, as soon as a snowfall is add by solid winds, the eye crystals are damaged into smaller fragments that can become an ext densely packed. After ~ a snowfall, snow may melt or evaporate, or it may persist for long periods. If snow persists on the ground, the texture, size, and also shape the individual seed will readjust even if the snow temperature remains listed below freezing, or they may melt and also refreeze end time, and will eventually end up being compressed by succeeding snowfalls.

Over the winter season, the snowpack frequently accumulates and develops a complicated layered structure made up of a range of snow grains, mirroring the weather and climate problems prevailing at the moment of deposition and changes within the snow cover end time.

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How big can snowflakes get?

Snowflakes are accumulations of countless snow crystals. Many snowflakes are much less than 1.3 centimeters (0.5 inches) across. Under specific conditions, generally requiring near-freezing temperatures, light winds, and also unstable atmospheric conditions, lot larger and irregular flakes can form, nearing 5 centimeters (2 inches) across. No regime measure of snowflake dimensions room taken, for this reason the exact size is not known.