Welcome to my net site, currently under development for an ext than twenty years. -- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021 Dr. Weller, an eastern Washington university professor of English and also Shakespearean scholar for much more than 50 years.
"Fair is foul, and also foul is fair: / float through the fog and filthy air" (1.1.11-12), chant the weird Sisters together they walk to wait for the battle to more than so they can deliver their seductive prophesies to Macbeth. "So from that spring whence comfort seem"d to come / uncomfortable swells" (1.2.27-28), claims the sergeant who is telling of Macbeth"s battle against the rebels. He way that simply when the resulting spring provides us think the the weather is walk to it is in fair and give united state "comfort," foul weather can bring extreme "discomfort." The sergeant then goes on come tell exactly how this exact same kind the thing taken place in battle. Just as Macbeth had defeated one enemy, a new one attacked. "So foul and fair a work I have actually not seen" (1.3.38). These space Macbeth"s very first words in the scene in which the witches deliver their prophecies come him. simply after he has been named Thane of Cawdor, Macbeth is wondering if that can believe the rest of the witches" prophecies, and also Banquo remarks, "oftentimes, come win united state to our harm, / The tools of darkness tell united state truths, / Win us with honest trifles, to betray"s / In deepest consequence" (1.3.123-126). Banquo is warning Macbeth that the witches can lure the to an excellent evil by telling tiny truths. Macbeth one of two people does no hear Banquo, or doesn"t desire to hear him, because he ignores Banquo"s warning. Instead, he speak himself the "This mythological soliciting / can not be ill, cannot be good" (1.3.130-131). That course, Banquo has just said that the is ill, also though the may appear good. After receiving a report top top the execution the the Thane of Cawdor, King Duncan says "There"s no arts / To uncover the mind"s building and construction in the face" (1.4.11-12). He"s commenting on the reality that he reliable the Thane of Cawdor absolutely, and also had no idea that would end up being a foul rebel. Lady Macbeth urges Macbeth come "look like the chaste flower, / yet be the serpent under"t" (1.5.65-66). This is just prior to King Duncan"s come at your castle. Macbeth"s wife desires him to look fair, the better to hide his foul intentions. "Away, and mock the time with fairest show: / False face must hide what the false love doth know" (1.7.81-82). Through these words to his wife, Macbeth ends the scene in which he has actually serious 2nd thoughts about the setup to murder King Duncan. He way that they must go to a feast and also pretend to it is in the King"s loving subjects, also though they arrangement to death him the night. In the step in which the bloody corpse the King Duncan is discovered, Malcolm and Donalbain, the King"s sons, are afraid that they"ll it is in the next victims the murder. "Where us are, / There"s daggers in men"s smiles" (2.3.139-140), claims Donalbain. Simply afterwards, lock flee Macbeth"s castle. In his very first appearance as King the Scotland, Macbeth"s very first words are addressed come Banquo: "Here"s our chief guest" (3.1.12). Both Macbeth and also Lady Macbeth law Banquo with sophisticated courtesy, but later in the scene Macbeth arranges the murder of Banquo. After he i do not care king, Macbeth suffers indigenous sleeplessness and bad dreams. Also, he is afraid that Banquo"s youngsters will be emperors of Scotland, as the witches prophesied. Supposedly all this stresses display plainly in his face, because his mam pleads through him to it is in a better hypocrite: "Gentle my lord, sleek o"er your rugged looks; / it is in bright and also jovial among your guest to-night" (3.2.27-28). However, Macbeth resents the necessity of putting a fair face on his foul thoughts. He"s currently arranged because that the murder of Banquo, but he tells his mam that she demands to be a great hypocrite, too, particularly in prior of Banquo: Let your remembrance use to Banquo;Present that eminence, both v eye and tongue:Unsafe the while, that weMust lave our honours in these flattering streams,And do our encounters vizards to our hearts. (3.2.30-34)The key phrase in this i is "unsafe the while." It"s Macbeth and also Lady Macbeth who room unsafe, since Banquo could suspect the they killed King Duncan, and likewise because that the witches" prophecy. They are King and Queen, but they have to make nice come Banquo, as though he is better than castle are. After he becomes king, Macbeth put on a banquet for the noble of Scotland, and plays the genial host. Throughout the banquet he makes a big point of showing his regard because that Banquo, speak such points as "I drink to the basic joy o" the whole table, / and to ours dear friend Banquo, whom we miss" (3.4.89). Macbeth"s guest don"t recognize that he has just had actually Banquo murdered, however the bloody Ghost of Banquo shows up to display Macbeth (and us) the foul truth behind the same appearance. In the scene after the step in i beg your pardon Macbeth claims that he will certainly visit the witches again, Hecate comes from the underworld come tell the witches she is angry at them. She desires to know exactly how they challenge to mess approximately with Macbeth without including her. After all, isn"t she the one who have the right to "show the glory of our art?" (3.5.9). Hecate, like the witches, thinks that doing poor is good, and also she think she is the best at law the worst.A small later, Hecate tells the witches that she will prepare illusions that will make Macbeth "spurn fate, scorn death, and also bear / His really hopes "bove wisdom, grace and also fear" (3.5.30-31), because, as they know, "security / Is mortals" chiefest enemy" (3.5.32-33). "Security" is a feeling of safety. In short, the idea that we space bulletproof will kill us. Sometime after the banquet at which the Ghost the Banquo appeared to Macbeth, Lennox comes to understand the foul truth behind Macbeth"s hypocrisy. He says, "The gracious Duncan / was pitied of Macbeth: marry, he was dead" (3.6.4). This bitterness joke describes both Macbeth"s facade -- that he to be sorry for King Duncan -- and also the truth around Macbeth, which was the he was sorry because that King Duncan only after he killed him. Then Lennox proceeds to ridicule Macbeth"s variation of everything that has happened come this point. Macduff appeals to Malcolm because that his support in a war against Macbeth, however Malcolm is very cautious, due to the fact that for all Malcolm knows, Macduff might be a double agent. After Malcolm expresses his suspicions, the half-apologizes and says, "Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell; / though all things foul would wear the brows that grace, / however grace need to still watch so" (4.3.22-24). The "brightest" point of view was Lucifer, who fell and became Satan. Malcolm method that although a fair appearance might hide a foul heart, and also one that looks favor an angel might be a devil, the does not median that every point of view is a devil. Return the foul want to watch fair, the fair still look at fair, and also it"s no fair come the fair to suspect the same of gift foul.In order to additional test Macduff"s honor, Malcolm speak him that he (Malcolm) would be one even more wicked king than Macbeth is. As soon as Macduff is about to depart in disgust, Malcolm reverses himself and tells Macduff the he, too, is one honorable man, and that he is prepared to fight Macbeth. In ~ this, Macduff falls strangely silent. Once Malcolm asks why he is silent, Macduff says, "Such welcome and also unwelcome things at once / "Tis difficult to reconcile" (4.3.138-139). In this instance, what seemed foul -- Malcolm -- is unexpectedly revealed to it is in fair. As the moment of Macbeth"s last fight approaches, he mirrors that his life is not worth living, since that which makes old age good, "As honour, love, obedience, troops of friends, / I should not look come have; but, in your stead, / Curses, not loud yet deep, mouth-honour, breath, / i m sorry the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not" (5.3.25-28).