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What execute Elephants Eat?

Elephants space herbivores, definition they only eat plants, yet what carry out elephants eat exactly? Other large herbivores often tend to specialize as either grazers (grass eaters) or browsers (parts that woody plants), however elephants perform both. The proportions that grass or browse they consume counts on the season and habitat. Usually speaking, elephants eat more grass throughout the at an early stage wet season, then rely much more on browse for the rest of the year.


What do elephants eat? Grass and also woody plants!

What walk an Elephant Eat? The selection of the Elephant Diet

More than 300 different plant types worldwide!GrassesLeavesTwigsBarkRootsVinesShootsFruits

How lot does one Elephant Eat?

Elephants feed for 12-18 hours every work (that’s about three-quarters of your life!) A big African elephant may eat up to 600 pounds the food a day! since their diet is high in cellulose, they only digest around 44% the what castle eat. This way they have to eat a lot of food every work to make it through (4-6% of their body load a day according to theSan Diego Zoo.)

Elephant fact! infant elephants might nurse for as much as 4 years however will begin eating tree at just a few months the age!


Baby elephants may nurse for approximately 4 years however start eat plants within months.

Elephants are capable of knocking down big trees to acquire at sheet that would certainly otherwise be the end of reach.One night we were camping in Botswana in the Makgadikgadi Pans and also in the middle of the night we were surrounded by elephants. We were lie in the dark in our resting bags, wondering what elephants eat. We had heard tales earlier that day of elephants who had actually been fed oranges through tourists and also had learned to raid camps trying to find the juicy fruit. Us were pretty certain we had actually no food in our tent so we held still and listened carefully to your noisy activities. Just outside our time they were rumbling loudly and knocking down large palm trees (known in your ar as Mokolwane) therefore they could get come the very delicious palm fruits. The elephants eat the fruits whole and eventually poop the end the seed in the center, distributing the seeds throughout the savannah and spreading the trees. Although they came an extremely close to our tent, they never touched the or to reduce a tree on us.


Elephants deserve to use your trunks to reach high leaves, however if that doesn’t occupational they deserve to knock the tree down!

Elephants may use your tusks to dig up roots, but most other forms of feeding room performed through their powerful yet very agile trunks. They have the right to tear grass the end of the ground, strip leaves from tree high in the air, break off big branches, or delicately spin a twig inside your mouth to strip off the bark.

Elephants likewise love to eat human crops. Virtually all elephant “raids” upon plants occur at night.Asian elephants raid palm oil plantations in Indonesia. Afri elephants raid corn areas (maize) in east Africa. In southern India one study found that eastern elephants mostly raided millet fields. Many varieties of speculative deterrents are being developed to protect plants from elephants and to mitigate human/elephant conflict. One efficient technique, pioneered by the Elephants and Bees job involves building a fence that suspended punishment hives. Elephants room afraid the bees! It also gives farmers one more product come sell: honey!

What perform African Elephants Eat?

Currently, all African elephants space classified as a single species (Loxodonta africana), but many take into consideration the afri elephants come consist the two separate species, the Savanna Elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the woodland Elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) which resides in the Congo rainforests. For this reason what execute African elephants eat? Studies show that savanna elephants like to eat grass in ~ the start of the rainy season (roughly October to March) and also then rely much more on browsing woody plants during the dry season (April to September). Onestudy in Tsavo nationwide Park, Kenya proved that on mean their diet contained 10-15% grass however could go as high together 60% grass for quick periods.


What execute elephants eat? This mother and also baby space eating grasses!

A research to identify what carry out elephants eat in Kruger nationwide Park proved that afri elephant diet deserve to vary greatly relying on season and also location, also within a solitary park. In the wet season, the diets of elephants native both Northern and also Southern Kruger consists of around 50% grass, however in the dried season the northern elephants ate substantially an ext grass (40%) than their southerly counterparts (only 10%). Lock concluded that this was due to a short diversity of woody trees obtainable for browser (mostly Mopane trees) in north Kruger


African Elephant using his trunk come spin a branch in his mouth and also peel turn off the bark. Kruger, south Africa

A study to recognize what walk an elephant eat in Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania stated the elephants’ diet consisted of at least 36 plant types ranging in dimension from small herbs to large trees. Castle ate greatly tree browse and also sedges throughout the dry season, and also grass and forbs during the wet season.

What do woodland Elephants Eat?

Forest Elephants accounting a relatively small variety in the Congo Rainforest the Africa. Yet their diet quiet varies quite a bit depending on which area of central Africa lock live. Woodland Elephants learned in Santchou Wildlife Reserve, Cameroon still mostly ate grass. Woodland Elephants studied in Lope Reserve, Gabon, however,ate more than 307 species of plants, mostly leaves and also bark (70%) since they live in forests, fruit is critical part of your diet.More than 72 varieties of fruits are eaten!

What Do eastern Elephants Eat?

The asian Elephant (Elephans maximus) is an endangered species. There room only around 40,000 to 50,000 left in the wild. When widespread across southern Asia, they now only exist in tiny fragmented populations in five South asian countries (India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and also Nepal) and eight Southeast eastern countries (Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam).


Asian Elephant

So what do asian elephants eat? favor African elephants, oriental elephants are herbivores that just eat plants, and also like afri elephants, they eat grasses and also herbs and also many components of woody plants. Because habitats differ greatly throughout this large area, asian elephants eat a wide selection of various plants. For example, once trying to identify what elephants eat in southerly India, one study, showed they eat an ext than 112 different varieties of plants, but most of their diet contained just 25 varieties of legumes, palm trees, sedges, and also grasses. In the dry season in Nepal, elephants eat 24% grass and 65% browse, while elephants life in Thailand rain woodlands tend to eat many much more fruits and also they play an important role in seeds dispersal.

Do Elephants Eat Peanuts?

Do elephants eat peanuts? Nope. Wild elephants don’t eat peanuts. Peanuts are aboriginal to southern America and no living elephant varieties live there. Numerous years earlier there were several types of elephants living in south America therefore they might have encountered wild peanuts. However I gambling they didn’t eat them then either.

How perform I know? due to the fact that even now in places where wild elephants conference peanut crops, they don’t eat them. One research in southern Sri Lanka proved that the the 25 species of crops damaged through elephants, peanuts were only damaged from trampling and not from consumption (along through chili, onions, and sesame.)

So why execute we every think elephants eat peanuts? The myth more than likely originated in zoos where visitors were allowed to litter peanuts to captive elephants.

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See For you yourself What Elephants Eat in the Wild!


Elephant crossing authorize in Namibia

Want to view for you yourself what one elephant eats? You have the right to see elephants in the wild in countless places throughout Africa and Asia, yet our favorite place is in southern Africa. Here is a list of our top locations to view elephants:

Chobe nationwide Park in Botswana (thousands that elephants!)Kruger nationwide Park in south Africa (lots that elephants, well habituated, and also easy to see)Etosha nationwide Park in Namibia (open city hall in a beautiful semi-desert habitat)

It’s cheaper and easier 보다 you could think! Here’s an short article we wrote around how to take it your first self journey African wildlife safari!

Eat What an Elephant Eats

If you’re a vegetarian or a vegan then you eat favor an elephant! If you’re proud come eat what one elephant eats, inspect out several of these funny shirts:

Want come Learn an ext About Elephants?

If friend love elephants and also want to learn more, examine out some of our other an excellent articles!

Four african Elephant Facts

Responsible tourism in Thailand, the asian Elephant’s Tale

Elephant Communication: Mine is Bigger 보다 Yours


What carry out elephants eat? This elephant is eating twigs and also bark in Kruger national Park, south Africa

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What perform Elephants Eat?

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