Listing Status

Federal Status:Not listed FL Status:State-Threatened FNAI Ranks:G5T1Q/S1 (Globally: Demonstrably Secure, sub sp. Critically Imperiled /State: Critically Imperiled) IUCN Status:Not ranked


The vital ringneck snake is one of the smallest species of the household Colubridae (Bartlett and Bartlett 2003). Body length can range from 3.5 to 10 inches (8.9-25.4 centimeters). This species has a grayish-black back, yellow come red belly, pale grayish-brown head, reddish-orange tail, and a poorly identified or lacking neck ring (Florida Natural locations Inventory 2001). 


The diet of the an essential ringneck snake primarily is composed of little amphibians, lizards, snakes, insects, slugs, and also earthworms (Ernst and also Ernst 2003).

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Little is known around the reproduction that the vital ringneck snake. With most ringneck snakes, they will lay one to ten eggs per clutch while having actually the capability to lay more than one clutch every year (Ernst and also Ernst 2003).


Key ringneck snake inhabit tropic hardwood hammocks and also scrub. This varieties is limited to the reduced Keys and also has been discovered on an essential West and big Pine, small Torch, center Torch, and No Name tricks (Weaver et al. 1992, Auth and also Scott 1996, museum records)


The an essential ringneck line faces considerable threats come its population, such as the devastation of that habitat. The clearing of pine rockland and also rockland hammocks can cause a decrease in the population, specifically when the habitats are near freshwater sources. This types also faces the hazard of being hit through cars, especially in considerable networks of roadways on large Pine Key. Storm surge, short-lived flooding, and also a climbing sea level can also contribute to declining crucial ringneck snake populations. The prey of crucial ringneck line can likewise be impacted by floodwaters, as many would not have the ability to escape floods that would inundate their habitat. Various other threats incorporate increased predation top top the an essential ringneck snake by varieties such together the invasive red imported fire ant (Mount 1981).

Conservation and Management

The vital ringneck line is safeguarded as a state-Threatened species by Florida’s Endangered and also Threatened varieties Rule.

Biological Status testimonial (BSR)Supplemental details for the BSR

Other much information Links

Living through SnakesFlorida Museum of natural HistoryFlorida Natural areas InventoryPrintable variation of this page


Auth, D. L., and also C. Scott. 1996. Geographical distribution: Diadophis punctatus acricus (Key ringneck snake). Herpetological testimonial 27:33.

Bartlett, R. D., and P. Bartlett. (2003). Florida Snakes: A guide to your Identification and Habits. Gainesville, Florida: University press of Florida. 182 pp.

Ernst, C. H., and also E. M. Ernst. 2003. Line of the united States and Canada. Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C., USA. 668pp.

Florida Museum of organic History. (n.d.). Key Ringneck Snake. Recall April 4, 2011, indigenous Herpetology:

Florida Natural areas Inventory. 2001. Ar guide come the rare pets of Florida.

Mount, R. H. 1981. The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), as a possible serious predator on some native southeastern vertebrates: straight observations and subjective impressions. Journal of the Alabama Academy of science 52:71–78.

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Weaver, W. G., S. P. Christman, and also P. E. Moler. 1992. Big Pine crucial ringneck snake, Diadophis punctatus acricus Paulson. Pages 146–149 in P. E. Moler, editor. Rare and also endangered biota that Florida. Volume III. Amphibians and reptiles. University press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.