Attention:This post was composed a few years earlier and might not reflect the latest transforms in the AP® program. Us are gradually updating these posts and also will eliminate this disclaimer as soon as this short article is updated. Thank you for her patience!

Regions room a highly disputed yet critical concept in the research of human being geography and can it is in studied as they relate to space, place, and location. Regions allow us to generalize about a typical characteristic so us can much better group them. Human geography is not just pertained to with describing social patterns, however with assessing how castle came around and your meaning.

Five Themes that Geography

A study of location does not just involve knowing where to uncover a selection of people and places on a map. The is just as important for you, together a geographer, to know why you discover those civilization in that particular place, and how those places influence their lives, your neighbor’s lives, and your life. You can use the five themes of geography as a method to understand geographical information so you can far better appreciate cultural and ecological changes approximately the world.

The 5 themes of geography are:

LocationHuman/environmental interactionsRegionsPlaceMovement

A region is an area top top the earth figured out by two typical characteristics: physical and political geography. Physical regions are functions such together deserts, mountains, and lakes. Human-kind defines political regions by establishing political borders like the borders of countries.

Why room Regions vital to human Geographers?

Standard commonwealth regions.

You are watching: An example of a formal region is

In geography, a region is a part of the planet defined by a level the similarity based on particular features. Areas are locations that re-publishing both human and physical characteristics. A region is what web links places together using any kind of factor the you, as the human being geographer, choose. Those determinants are typical traits such as culture, political system, religious beliefs, language or physical features. Regions have the right to be mapped and studied. Where chroniclers group events in an era together “periods”, geographers group areas spatially right into “regions”.

Regions that the human being can and also do overlap such as the locations of south-east Asia and also Asia. Regions also have transitional borders like in between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa. Some regions are based on culture (language or religion), while physics geography specifies others. Over there is not complete agreement, however, among geographers on how all regions are defined. One geographer may ar Chad in the region of north Africa, and another would classify Chad as component of main Africa. Geographers will additionally use two different terms to define the very same area; the center East and also Southwest Asia, for example.

What are the Different species of Regions?

Now that we recognize that a an ar is an area the shares both human and also physical characteristics, let’s look in ~ the three types of areas in geography. Formal, functional and also perceptual regions consist of the three classifications the regions supplied to organize complicated ideas into much easier divisions. This three species of regions are of interest to geographers, engineers, and cartographers.

Formal (Uniform) region

A formal an ar is an area v a high level of consistency in a certain social or physics attribute. Formal regions are uniform or homogeneous locations where everyone in that region shares common features or traits favor language, climate or politics system. Formal regions are primarily used come determine and also outline political, cultural and economic regions. It additionally can be described as any kind of geographic location with clearly delineated borders whose area is established, and there is no disagreement over the area a formal region occupies.

Functional (Nodal) an ar

A functional an ar in location is an area centered on a node, focal length point, or central hub surrounded by interconnecting linkages. The primary node in a functional region features surrounding locations with common social, political, or financial purposes that relate come trade, communications, or transportation. In other words, a functional an ar has a certain set of tasks or interaction that occur within it, organized around a facility node or focal length point. The major node also has a round of economic and also social influence that is much less noticeable in areas an ext removed native it.

A functional region, because that example, deserve to be a territory that is organized about something central, such together a city. The distribution of its services is limited to a specific area, i m sorry is its practical or main nodal region. Other examples of a functional region could it is in the bank of America or FedEx.

Perceptual (Vernacular) an ar

A perceptual or vernacular an ar is characterized by feelings and also prejudices that may or may not be true. It can likewise be one idea of a person’s mental map. It have the right to be perceived as how civilization think about or awareness a an ar based on factors that might not reflect the truth, such together the holy bible Belt or Hillbilly region. When labeling perceptual regions, there room common assumptions made around the location or people.

For example, if girlfriend say, “this city is life in the past, and there are no project opportunities” that points come a perceptual region. Another person can see the very same place totally differently. They can say, “there are chances for growth, and brand-new business avenues in this town”. A perceptual an ar does not exist in the literal sense, and also the region it inhabits is not explicitly defined. Geographers often differ ~ above the location of a provided perceptual region, that is dependent totally upon an individual perspective and also based ~ above opinion quite than fact. Perceptual regions may, in some cases, contradict truth or regions developed by geographers.

What execute you think of once you hear the phrase “Little Italy”? What words, paragraph or psychological images involved mind? how you awareness that phrase helps you recognize perceptual regions.

FRQ 3: The region is a highly disputed yet vital concept in the research of human being geography. What is a region and why is it important to human being geographers? list three species of regions, define them and list an instance of each.

Sample Answer: A region is what links places with each other using any type of parameter the geographer chooses. Three varieties of regions are formal, vernacular, and functional. Formal regions are uniform. Everyone shares in common one or an ext distinctive characteristic. An example would it is in the Mid West being thought about the Corn Belt because corn is your distinctive characteristic. Vernacular regions are perceptual. They room a location that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity. An instance would be human being thinking the sweet tea when they think of “the South”. Practical regions room nodal. They space an area organized approximately a focal point. They space tied to that central point by transportation, economics, or interaction systems. An example would be the area of Tampa that receives the Tampa Tribune.


The region outlined above contains shipment destinations offered by united Trucking. I m sorry of the complying with classifications best fits this region?

A. Functional

B. Formal

C. Vernacular

D. Mental


Correct Answer:

(A) A functional an ar consists that a node and the places connected to that main point with some type of movement. In this instance the an ar is developed by the motion of joined Trucking’s solutions to customers in the places within the boundaries shown in the diagram. (B) defines a location with a uniform trait, such together language, current throughout the area. (C), (D), and (E) define regions like the scriptures Belt or the southern in the united States—regions v boundaries marked by people’s concepts rather 보다 overtly measurable characteristics.

Wrapping increase Regions


Check out our other articles on AP Human Geography.

See more: Four Major Sutures Of The Skull, Anatomy Of The Newborn Skull

Start practicing here.